Website Development is the coding or programming that enables website functionality, per the owner’s requirements. It mainly deals with the non-design aspect of building websites, which includes coding and writing markup.
In general, website development can be split into two categories — front-end and back-end. On one hand, the front-end or client-side of an application is the code responsible for determining how the website will actually display the designs. And that’s mocked up by a designer.
On the other hand, the back-end or server-side of an application is responsible for managing data within the database. Hence, serving the data to the front-end for display.
And of course, you’ll need to choose a platform known as the content management system. Content Management Systems (CMS) generally provide wide design customization options and tools you can use to give your website a one-of-a-kind design.
WordPress is one of the best-preferred website development CMS Platforms.
What is Website Development?
Website development broadly refers to the tasks associated with developing websites for hosting via intranet or internet. The web development process includes web design, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting, and network security configuration, among other tasks.
Web development ranges from creating plain text pages to complex web-based applications, social network applications, and electronic business applications. Learning HTML from scratch can take 6+ months, let alone CSS and PHP. Having a basic knowledge of HTML can help you gauge things more quickly.
But, if you want to create a website within a day or two, learning HTML isn’t a viable option. Considerably, for instance, WordPress Website Builders are expensive and often very limited. They are good for one-page websites, but not more.
On the other hand, Drupal is a very powerful platform that is popular with web developers and experienced coders.
How is Website Development & Design different?
Simply put, a web designer’s focus is the look and feel of a website. Whereas, a web developer focuses on the technical side of things. And on the contrary, a developer who does client-side programming will have a direct impact on the look, layout, and feel of a website.
A web designer uses graphic design software like Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign. As a result, to create the logos, graphics, and layout that determine the look and feel of a website.
The web developer still has to understand the aesthetics and art direction of the web designer. For instance, if they are handling client-side scripts. Thou, their concern is with functionality and features, like the shopping cart on an e-commerce website.
They are all brought together by the front-end dev, who writes a series of programs. Thereby, binding and structuring these web elements and making them look good and add interactivity. These programs operate through a browser.
By the same token, back-end developer skills call for the developer engineers who know what is going on behind the scenes. Not forgetting, this is where you store the data, and without this data, there is no frontend. The backend of the web consists of the server that hosts the website.
Certainly, an application for running it and a database to contain the data. The backend dev uses computer programs to ensure that the server, the application, and the database run smoothly together. They need to analyze what a company’s needs are.
Also, to provide effective programming solutions. To do all this amazing stuff they use a variety of server-side languages, like PHP, Ruby, Python, and Java.
Above all, if no decision has been made, consider becoming a guru in website design & development using the full-stack developer skills. Full-stackers take care of both the frontend and the backend.
But, Are there any required skills for a good website graphic designer & developer? Of course, Yes! For sure, you need both basic skill sets in design and development order to build a proper website. Even though, a designer may not even have to write the code.
In this case, a graphic designer will create a visual representation of the website’s layout. While the web developer will use code to make the layout a reality. Still, other web professionals have honed their skills in both disciplines:
- For a website designer, knowing how to code can help them communicate better with the web development team.
- For a website developer, understanding the art direction of a website can help them write better code.
What does Website Development entail?
Notably, both Website Design and Website Development involve either website styling or structuring. And it’s also a good choice to learn general introduction to coding since it’s super easy to get started. Whether you’re looking for a career or just want to learn how to code, learning how to develop a web is simply for you.
However, if you’re strictly speaking about the general concepts of website design & development the distinction is a little more clear. All in all, these two roles play a major part in building the websites and apps we know. In other words, it’s the front-end developer’s job to share the most overlap with the web designer.
Front-end web developers don’t usually create mock-ups, select typography, or pick color palettes. Rather the designer provides them. It’s the developer’s job to bring those mock-ups to life. That said, understanding what the designer wants requires some knowledge of best practices in UI/UX design.
This is to enable the developer to choose the right technology to deliver the desired look and feel and experience in the final product.
Skills and tools traditionally viewed as unique to the front-end developer include;
- CSS preprocessors (i.e., LESS or Sass)
- Frameworks (i.e., AngularJS, ReactJS, Ember)
- Libraries (i.e., jQuery)
- Git and GitHub
Front-end/Back-end Website Development
While launching a new website might not be quite as complex as flying a plane, there are enough variables to warrant a thorough checklist with each launch.
As an example, for the Wright Brothers, when they first invented the airplane and were testing it for military use, they found that there were too many crashes. Especially, to find airplanes reliable as a military machine.
In fact, something like 1 in 5 flights ended up failing due to some type of human error. To solve this problem, they came up with the pre-flight checklist and reduced the number of crashes to less than 1%. Similarly, it’s easier to look at a web developer description.
Thereby, splitting the skills into the three areas mentioned below:
- client-side languages,
- server-side languages, and
- database technologies.
1. Client-side Languages
Client-side scripting refers to the creation of web applications that execute themselves within the browser of a user’s computer.
Here are some examples of Client-side Languages:
- Microsoft Silverlight
2. Server-side Languages
Server-side scripting is a technique that website developers use to build the backend of a website. Why is that so critical for your new site? The end user’s computer (i.e. the person using the website) limits a web browser’s storage.
Thus, the websites need to host the files and images that make the site work in a database on a web server. Server-side scripting involves constructing the framework. This allows the database on the webserver to communicate with the web browser of the end user’s computer.
To make it work, the developer embeds scripts on your website so that, when someone using your site takes a particular action. The server can display set images or information.
The server-side code is also inherently more secure. To make sure the person using your website has no direct access to the source code, proprietary databases, or data beyond what’s specifically shown to them.
The following are examples of Server-side Languages:
3. Database Technologies
The final set of skills to look for in a web developer is the database technologies they are familiar with. In order to work properly, every website needs a database to store its code, images, files, and other data.
These relational database management systems (RDBMS) are the most popular for web-based applications.
Here are some examples of Database Technologies:
- Microsoft SQL Server
- IBM DB2
What is Full Stack Website Development?
In general, front-end refers to the portion of an application the user will see or interact with. And the back-end is the part of the application that handles the logic, database interactions, user authentication, server configuration, etc.
Being the full stack web developer doesn’t mean that you have necessarily mastered everything required to work with the front-end or back-end. But it means that you are able to work on both sides and understand what is going on when building an application.
So to say, which are delineated based on how accessible they are to a user. In this context, the user refers to an entity that could be human or digital.
An article on Medium has discussed the full stack designer getting both praise and blame. Whereby, some people think that the full stack web developer is just a title. Arguably, what he/she should focus on is the real personal ability and technology.
What are the Principles of a friendly Website?
Many businesses make the mistake of neglecting usability. Usability is critical for the success of any webpage and you should never overlook it. Good usability can improve the performance of your website and increase your chances of success. It can also boost sales and revenue for your business.
For your site to successful, it should not only look good but also provide a seamless user experience for visitors. This is why good usability is important. It will set your web apart from your competition.
Not forgetting, a website is a public application that usually targets any number of users. You want to make sure you build something that is likable and usable.
As an example, Google yourself or use any other dedicated browser and search yourself. What do you see? Are you all there? Are you well represented? Probably not. Or even you no longer exist.
Within time, technology lapses are like a heartbeat. You skip one or miss one rate and you die. The same is happening online. Below are the principal features of outstanding website development;
1. Custom Search Results
In website development, good website usability is about making it easy for visitors to find the information they need quickly and easily.
There are many ways to improve the usability of your website. These simple usability recommendations can make your website more appealing to customers and improve your chances of success online.
Yes, you may be famous, well established, and occupied at the moment as a brand. Perhaps you even consider online reputation as a waste of time and or it is meant for idlers. Well, for now, it might be so but not for our future lifestyle.
2. Brand Reputation Awareness
Having a good website improves your online brand presence and availability to the world spread population. However, disappointments come when you entrust your reputation to a team that has no idea of your futuristic interests nor has any idea of progress.
Such includes people without profound information and ideas of what you really want in your website. However, we as jmexclusives, not only do we deliver our projects, but, we guide you through the whole process.
Especially, of having a simple, responsive, and creative website targeting your audience and world readers.
3. User Functionality Ease
A site serves the purpose of solving a problem. For example, a job board has a purpose where employers can post jobs, and job seekers can find and apply for jobs.
Once applied, there should be a way for candidates and employers to communicate and keep up to date with a job application.
If you build a job board and it only lets you post jobs, that’s not enough. Also, you do not need a website you only see the normal operations of any website by Tom and Harry. A website should be easy to use and navigate.
When users visit your site, do they find the information they are looking for, without struggling? Does your website provide easy navigation to jump from one page to another and go back?
4. Modern Relevant Content
You want to make sure your website is using current trends and technologies. One that supports today’s needs.
For example, responsiveness and fluid web designs are the key requirements for modern sites. You do not want to create fixed page layouts that don’t support mobile readability.
Again, you do not want to put content on a website that is not relevant to the users. You do not want to put car details on a job board.
If your site is a job board, it should have content and tips related to being a good candidate such as how to create a professional resume and how to behave in an interview. You do not want to post about cars or sports on a job board.
5. Optimized AMP Responsive
Your website and its content should be optimized for different devices, browsers, data speed, search engines, and users. If it’s not optimized for mobile data users and their download speed, they may leave the site.
Then, if your website does not support common modern browsers. Or, popular for smartphones and their sizes you may be missing out on some users. Responsive website development is a modern need. It changes the layout and options to fit the device and browser size.
For instance, a website may provide more options on a large PC monitor compared to on a mobile phone.
6. Reliable Performance Speed
Is your site reliable?
If I apply for a job, does your site send me on-time notifications and messages to keep me posted with the updates?
Can I access your website whenever and wherever? Is your website up and running 24/7? Does your website load fast enough to show visitors what they are looking for?
Your website can’t be slow when presenting content to its visitors. If your site takes more than two seconds to load, it is probably too slow.
7. Scalable SSL Secure
Do you have sufficient infrastructure to support your site and its visitors? A site should be able to scale to a number of potential visitors. Not only should the site’s user interface be scalable but the back-end database, APIs, and services too should be able to scale.
Security is a major concern for today’s web visitors. You need to make sure that your site follows industry standards and guidelines. For example, if you have a user registration feature, you want to make sure that you encrypt and not display in text user passwords.
You also want to ensure that the site is secure and uses SSL encryption. If you forget a password feature. Then, you do not want to provide a reset password feature without asking the security questions to the user.
Someone who has mastered both website development & design makes an excellent project manager. In the end, offering a perfect mix of form and function to a web project.
Surprisingly, I used to think that you were either a web designer or a web developer. Or maybe you were one of those rare unicorns who did both. But either way, you either worked on the design of the site, or the code that made it work.
In order, to know how the web works on all levels. You need to determine how the client- and server-sides will relate. Naturally, working up to this level of expertise will take longer than you think, as there is more to learn.
Basically, I hope the above website design & development blueprints will be of great help towards your online presence journey.
But, if you’ll need further intervention, please feel free to Contact Us or even share your thoughts in the comments box below this post.
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You can also read and learn more about Web Designers vs. Web Developers: What Is The Difference & Which Do You Need To Hire?