MySQL Database | How it works & Why webmasters need it

As you increase your website traffic, you’ll also notice that your MySQL Database may also get bloated. Of course, if you ask many online marketers or web business owners what they’d like most in the world, they’ll probably tell you “more customers.”

Perse, what often comes after business customers’ wish list is more traffic to a website. And if you’re like most businesses, your website is a huge driver of leads and sales. So far, we’ve already learned the importance of guest blogging & other types of referral traffic.

What Is MySQL Database?

In the past, we’ve also covered some details on why you must make your website mobile/tablet friendly. How to mix it up with your content creation, cadence, and length. As well as how to stay one step ahead of your competition. And lots more!

A Case Study: How to Increase Organic Site Traffic from Google for Free!

But, we’ve not looked into what a website MySQL Database is. Or even how it works, why it’s important, how to manage it, etc. So, in this article, I’ll be taking you for a ride as we discuss all this in detail. For beginner webmasters, it’s good to note that the journey of a competent website design and development is not as easy as it always sounds.

The fact is that you can easily choose a web hosting plan that best fits your needs. And then, you can find the perfect domain name for your next big website idea ever. In short, getting your website live is as simple as a click of a button. With everything you need at your fingertips — provided in a clear way by hosts like Hostinger.

But, a site built for lightning speed requires more than just a good web host. It also does not matter if it is faster hardware, innovative network architecture, or a new software solution. MySQL Database is among the most important web tools today. Let’s now look into it MySQL and its Database:

What Is MySQL Database?

First of all, the official way to pronounce “MySQL” is “My Ess Que Ell” (not “my sequel”). But we do not mind if you pronounce it as “my sequel” or in some other localized way.

On one hand, MySQL is a relational database management system based on SQL – Structured Query Language. The application is used for a wide range of purposes, including data warehousing, e-commerce, and logging applications. It’s the most popular Open Source SQL database management system.

On the other hand, a MySQL Database Service is a fully managed database service to deploy cloud-native applications. HeatWave, an integrated, high-performance analytics engine, downloads, etc. MySQL is developed, distributed, and supported by Oracle Corporation.

The most common use for MySQL however, is for the purpose of a web database. It can be used to store anything from a single record of information to an entire inventory of available products for an online store. In association with a scripting language such as PHP or Perl (both offered on hosting accounts), it is possible to create websites.

Websites that will interact in real-time. With a MySQL database to rapidly display categorized and searchable information to a website user. The MySQL website provides the latest information about MySQL software.

How a MySQL Database works

MySQL is indeed not the only (R) DBMS on the market. But, it’s one of the most popular ones and only second to Oracle Database when scored using critical parameters. Like the number of mentions in search results, professional profiles on LinkedIn, and frequency of technical discussions on internet forums.

Basically, the MySQL Database Software is a client/server system that consists of a multi-threaded SQL server supporting different backends. As well as several different client programs and libraries, administrative tools, and a wide range of programming interfaces (APIs).

Case Study: The Main Features of MySQL you Should Know

A good example of MySQL Database is the Oracle database. An Oracle database is a collection of data treated as a unit. The purpose of a database is to store and retrieve related information. A database server is a key to solving the problems of information management.

In general, a server reliably manages a large amount of data in a multiuser environment so that many users can concurrently access the same data. All this is accomplished while delivering high performance. A database server also prevents unauthorized access and provides efficient solutions for failure recovery.

Oracle Database is the first database designed for enterprise grid computing, the most flexible and cost-effective way to manage information and applications. Enterprise grid computing creates large pools of industry-standard, modular storage, and servers. With this architecture, each new system can be rapidly provisioned from the pool of components.

There is no need for peak workloads because capacity can be easily added or reallocated from the resource pools as needed. The database has logical structures and physical structures. Because the physical and logical structures are separate, the physical storage of data can be managed without affecting access to logical storage structures.

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Generally, the MySQL Database Server is very fast, reliable, and easy to use. If that is what you are looking for, you should give it a try. MySQL server also has a practical set of features developed in close cooperation with our users. You can find a performance comparison of the MySQL server to some other database managers on our benchmark page.

It was originally developed to handle large databases much faster than existing solutions and has been successfully used in highly demanding production environments for several years. Though under constant development, MySQL Server today offers a rich and useful set of functions.

The fact that many major tech giants rely on it further solidifies the well-deserved position. Why so? Well, below are some of the reasons. So, let’s elaborate them even further:

Why use a MySQL Database Server?

It’s a privilege and password system that is very flexible and secure and allows host-based verification. Passwords are secure because all password traffic is encrypted when you connect to a server. It also handles large databases. With some MySQL servers that have some databases that contain 50 million records.

I also know of users that use MySQL server with 60,000 tables and about 5,000,000,000 rows. Not forgetting, up to 32 indexes per table are also allowed. Each index may consist of 1 to 16 columns or parts of columns. The maximum index width is 500 bytes (this may be changed when compiling MySQL server).

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An index may use a prefix of a CHAR or VARCHAR field. Its clients may also connect to the MySQL server using TCP/IP Sockets, Unix Sockets (Unix), or Named Pipes (NT). There’s also ODBC (Open-DataBase-Connectivity) support for Win32 (with source). All ODBC 2.5 functions and many others.

For example, you can use MS Access to connect to your MySQL server. And above all, the server can provide error messages to clients in many languages. Below are some of its additional notable key elements that are of great advantage to its users:

MySQL is a Database Management System (DBMS)

A database is a structured collection of data. It may be anything from a simple shopping list to a picture gallery or the vast amounts of information in a corporate network. To add, access, and process data stored in a computer database, you need a database management system such as MySQL Server.

Since computers are very good at handling large amounts of data, database management systems play a central role. May it be in computing, as standalone utilities, or as parts of other applications. In general, the four types of DBMS systems are Hierarchical database, Network database, Relational database, and Object-Oriented database.

DBMS allows users to create their own databases as per their requirements. The term “DBMS” includes the use of the database and other application programs. It provides an interface between the data and the software application (learn more).

MySQL Databases are Relational

A Relational Database stores data in separate tables rather than putting all the data in one big storeroom. In addition, the database structures are organized into physical files optimized for speed. The logical model, with objects such as databases, tables, views, rows, and columns, offers a flexible programming environment.

As a DBMS manager, you set up rules governing the relationships between different data fields. Such as one-to-one, one-to-many, unique, required or optional, and “pointers” between different tables. The database enforces these rules. So that with a well-designed database, your application never sees inconsistent, duplicate, orphan, out-of-date, or missing data.

The SQL part of “MySQL” stands for “Structured Query Language”. SQL is the most common standardized language used to access databases. Depending on your programming environment, you might enter SQL directly. For example, to generate reports, embed SQL statements into code written in another language, or use a language-specific API that hides the SQL syntax.

SQL is defined by the ANSI/ISO SQL Standard. The SQL standard has been evolving since 1986 and several versions exist.

MySQL Software is Open Source

Open Source means that it is possible for anyone to use and modify the software. For instance, anybody can download the MySQL software from the Internet and use it without paying anything. And if you wish, you may study the source code and change it to suit your needs.

The MySQL software uses the GPL (GNU General Public License), to define what you may and may not do with the software in different situations. If you feel uncomfortable with the GPL or need to embed MySQL code into a commercial application, you can buy a commercially licensed version. See the MySQL Licensing Overview for more information.

User Easy, Fast, Reliable & Scalable

If that is what you are looking for, you should give it a try. MySQL Server can run comfortably on a desktop or laptop, alongside your other applications, web servers, and so on. Whilst, requiring little or no attention. If you dedicate an entire machine to MySQL, you can adjust the settings.

By so doing, you can take advantage of all the memory, CPU power, and I/O capacity available. MySQL can also scale up to clusters of machines, networked together. MySQL Server was originally developed to handle large databases much faster than existing solutions.

It has also been successfully used in highly demanding production environments for several years. Although under constant development, MySQL Server today offers a rich and useful set of functions. Its connectivity, speed, and security make MySQL Server highly suited for accessing databases on the Internet.

MySQL Server works in client/server or embedded systems

The MySQL Database Software is a client/server system that consists of a multithreaded SQL server. Not to mention, the SQL server supports different back ends and several different client programs. As well as libraries, administrative tools, and a wide range of application programming interfaces (APIs).

They also provide MySQL Server as an embedded multithreaded library that you can link into your application. Especially, in order to get a smaller, faster, easier-to-manage standalone product. A large amount of contributed MySQL software is also available.

MySQL Server has a practical set of features developed in close cooperation with its users. And in that case, it’s very likely that your favorite application or language supports the MySQL Database Server. You can see all the other Main Features of MySQL.

How to Download & Install MySQL

As you know, if you’re a webmaster, almost all web applications require server-based data storage. And, as such, according to a survey, MySQL continues to be the most-used database solution. All hands up, MySQL is a free, open-source relational database.

Eventually, MariaDB is a fork of the database created in 2010 following concerns about the Oracle acquisition of MySQL. It’s functionally identical! So, most of the concepts described in the next steps also apply to MariaDB. As you learn how to download, install and create a Database (DB).

There are 3 primary ways to use MySQL in your local development environment. They include cloud-based solutions, using Docker containers, and installing on your PC. While NoSQL databases have surged in recent years, relational data is generally more practical for the majority of applications.

That said, MySQL also supports NoSQL-like data structures such as JSON fields so you can enjoy the benefits of both worlds. You can learn more about how to Install MySQL in detail.

How to Manage MySQL Database

For many, MySQL is a love affair that has been going on for years. For others, it’s a nightmare relationship they’d rather not have to face. No matter where you stand, you may have to deal with this powerful database somehow. Most users assume that the only way to manage those databases is from the MySQL shell within a terminal.

Yes, that is one way. But no, it’s not the only way. In fact, there are several tools out there that allow you to manage the MySQL databases. There are a handful of many tools out there. Some of which have already reached EOL (end of life). But, you’ll be hard-pressed to find a more powerful, useful set of MySQL database management tools than the ones listed here.

So far, MySQL is the most popular open-source relational database management system. MySQL server allows us to create numerous users and databases and grant appropriate privileges. So that the users can access and manage databases. You can learn How to Manage the Databases and Users from the Command Line in detail.

How To Optimize MySQL Tables

In reality, if your website seems slow, you can try optimizing the site database to remove any overhead, which are gaps in data. And as a result, this can help restore speed if the database is at fault. Although it won’t fix the scripting issue that initially created the overhead.

But, please note that this service is only available with Managed WordPress Plans purchased after May 2021. To do this, you’ll start by logging in to your phpMyAdmin account. For details on how to do this, please read the Support article: How do I access phpMyAdmin through WordPress?

Learn Also: How do I update my WordPress database connection string?

Once you’ve accessed phpMyAdmin, select Databases. The next thing is to choose the Database you wish to optimize from the list of provided options. You’ll now be given the complete list of tables within your database. Check the tables you wish to optimize individually or by selecting Check All at the end of the page.

Once done, select the With selected: menu alongside it and choose Optimize table from the drop-down menu that appears. In addition to that, you can learn more about MySQL Optimisation, how to optimize images as well as how to remove database tables in detail.

Takeaway Notes:

MySQL once started out with the intention of using mSQL to connect to the tables using very fast but low-level (ISAM) routines. However, after some testing, the developers came to the conclusion that mSQL was not fast enough nor flexible enough for the user needs.

Definitely, this resulted in a new SQL interface to the existing MySQL database but with almost the same API interface as mSQL. Whereby, the new API was chosen to ease porting of third-party code. The derivation of the name MySQL is not perfectly clear.

Their base directory and a large number of their libraries and tools have had the prefix “my” for well over 10 years. However, Monty’s daughter (some years younger) is also named My. Which of the two gave its name to MySQL is still a mystery, even for me.

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From my point of view, a wide array of cluster servers backs MySQL. That’s whether you are storing massive amounts of big e-Commerce data or doing heavy business intelligence activities. As such, MySQL can assist you smoothly with optimum speed.

In nutshell, you can even modify the source code to meet your own expectations. Without the need to pay anything for this level of freedom. Including the options for upgrading to the advanced commercial version. The installation process is relatively simple, and shouldn’t take longer than 30 minutes too.

More Useful Sources:

  1. How a Database works
  2. What a Relational Database Is
  3. Compare Managed WordPress Plans
  4. What Is Open Source Software?
  5. Building LLVM with CMake

Finally, it’s my hope that the above-revised guide on MySQL Database is useful to you or even your webmasters. But, if you’ll need more support, you can Contact Us and let us know how we can help you. You can also share your additional opinion thoughts, suggestions, recommendations, or questions in our comments section below.

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