Kidney Stones | When Should You See A Doctor?

Kidney Stones take an average of 31 days to pass. Stones that are 4–6 mm are more likely to require some sort of treatment, but around 60 percent pass naturally. This takes an average of 45 days. Stones larger than 6 mm usually need medical treatment to be removed.

The American Urological Association (AUA) cites that kidney stones affect up to 12% of the population sometime during their lifetime. With a population of over 325 million people in the US, numbers suggest that approximately 39 million Americans will experience a kidney stone at some point in their lifetime.

Notably, Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances — such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid — than the fluid in your urine can dilute.

At the same time, your urine may lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney Stones are a common urologic condition that affects millions of men, women, and children worldwide. Sometimes, kidney stone formation is a one-time isolated event. For others, kidney stone formation may be chronic and tied to a family history of generating stones.

Kidney stones (renal lithiasis, nephrolithiasis) are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder.

Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together. As a matter of fact, passing kidney stones can be quite painful. But, the stones usually cause no permanent damage if they’re recognized in a timely fashion.

Depending on your situation, you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone. In other instances — for example, if stones become lodged in the urinary tract, are associated with a urinary infection or cause complications — surgery may be needed.

Your doctor may recommend preventive treatment to reduce your risk of recurrent kidney stones if you’re at increased risk of developing them again.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

What are the Symptoms of Kidney Stones?

A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves around within your kidney. Or even passes into your ureter — the tube connecting the kidney and bladder.

At that point, you may experience these signs and symptoms:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
  • Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • Notable pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Fever and chills if an infection is present
  • Urinating small amounts

Pain caused by a kidney stone may change — for instance, shifting to a different location or increasing in intensity — as the stone moves through your urinary tract.

When do you see a doctor?

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs and symptoms that worry you.

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience:

  • A pain so severe that you can’t sit still or find a comfortable position
  • Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
  • Pain accompanied by fever and chills
  • Blood in your urine
  • Difficulty passing urine

Causes of Kidney Stones

How do you get kidney stones?

In most cases, they’re the result of a buildup of dissolved minerals on the inner lining of the kidneys. They usually consist of calcium oxalate but may be composed of several other compounds.

Additionally, they can grow to the size of a golf ball while maintaining a sharp, crystalline structure. The stones may be small and pass unnoticed through the urinary tract, but they can also cause extreme pain as they leave the body.

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Important to realize, they often have no definite, single cause, although several factors may increase your risk. For one thing, they form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances. Such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid — than the fluid in your urine can dilute.

At the same time, your urine may lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.

What’re the Types of Kidney Stones?

Knowing the type of kidney stone helps determine the cause and may give clues on how to reduce your risk of getting more kidney stones.

If possible, try to save your kidney stone if you pass one so that you can bring it to your doctor for analysis.

Types of kidney stones include:

  • Calcium stones. Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in food and is also made daily by your liver. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, have high oxalate content.Dietary factors, high doses of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in urine.Calcium stones may also occur in the form of calcium phosphate. This type of stone is more common in metabolic conditions, such as renal tubular acidosis. It may also be associated with certain migraine headaches or taking certain seizure medications, such as topiramate (Topamax).
  • Struvite stones. Struvite stones form in response to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning.
  • Uric acid stones. Uric acid stones can form in people who don’t drink enough fluids or who lose too much fluid, those who eat a high-protein diet, and those who have gout. Certain genetic factors also may increase your risk of uric acid stones.
  • Cystine stones. These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids (cystinuria).

What’re the Risk factors?

Factors that increase your risk of developing kidney stones include:

  • Family or personal history. If someone in your family has kidney stones, you’re more likely to develop stones, too. And if you’ve already had one or more kidney stones, you’re at increased risk of developing another.
  • Dehydration. Not drinking enough water each day can increase your risk of kidney stones.
  • Certain diets. Eating a diet that’s high in protein, sodium (salt) and sugar may increase your risk of some types of kidney stones. This is especially true with a high-sodium diet. Too much salt in your diet increases the amount of calcium your kidneys must filter and significantly increases your risk of kidney stones.
  • Being obese. High body mass index (BMI), large waist size and weight gain have been linked to an increased risk of kidney stones.
  • Digestive diseases and surgery. Gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea can cause changes in the digestive process that affect your absorption of calcium and water, increasing the levels of stone-forming substances in your urine.
  • Other medical conditions. Diseases and conditions that may increase your risk of kidney stones include renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, hyperparathyroidism, certain medications, and some urinary tract infections.

How do you Get Rid of Kidney Stones naturally?

Your desired urine contains reserves that can coalesce into stones that range in size from specific grains of clean sand to really pearls in addition to ping-pong nuts.

Typically, the fluid in your urine assures each of these minerals are far too diluted to unite into jewels, all that can re-arrange in case you have not been consuming enough fluids or the focus of such minerals is simply too remarkable.

Different minerals come up with several types of kidney stones that need to be taken care of by making use of different approaches. Although most kidney stones would easily be traveled through the urinary technique, you would need health aid to get rid of the ones that can’t.

Moisten your Body:

Consume large amounts of water regularly. This tends to assist to flush bacterium away from your urethra, urinary tract, and bladder. Equally important, make a number of green leaf tea.

The antioxidant substances in green leaf tea restrain the formation of kidney stones, never offering them the chance to create at all. Be mindful, however, as tea beverage is widely not highly recommended for the individuals.

In particular, those who suffer the pain of kidney stones due to the large amounts of oxalate it contains. Oxalate would be the number one factor of kidney stone, but green tea is safer in comparison to the black diversity, together with its benefits outweigh the trivial risk.

Drink cranberry fruit juice:

Cranberry extract operates being an organic antibiotic, helping to eliminate bacterium and illness out of your renal system and urinary system.

Pick wholly naturally-occurring claret extract, rather than diverse variations.

Try out cranberry pill:

These natural supplements do the job alike to actually cranberry fruit juice.

If you spend the supplementations, drink enough water together with other liquids in order to keep your body well-hydrated and purge toxins out of your solution. You’ll find ruby tablets for most well-being stores.

Devour lettuce:

Lettuce may diminish the foundation of kidney stones.

Take half a bust of real chocolate liquid daily:

This will likely protect against calcium stores in the body.

If there are no calcium boutiques, thereafter there is often no formation of bone-strengthening calcium gems, which happens to be one kind of stone that causes sufferers a lot dispair.


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