In general, food or dietary supplements are manufactured products intended to supplement the diet.
Especially, when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
Equally, dietary supplements can provide nutrients either from, extracted food sources or synthetic, individually or even in combination. By all means, in order to increase the quantity of their consumption.
Dietary Supplements: What You Need To Know
As an example, the majority of adults in the urban world take one or more dietary supplements either every day or occasionally. Today’s dietary supplements include;
- Vitamins & Bee Products,
- Minerals & Antioxidants,
- Herbs & Botanicals (such as Aloe),
- Green Foods, CoQ10 & Fiber,
- Free Radical Scavengers,
- Amino Acids & Glucose Management,
- Glucosamine, Chondroitin & MSM,
- Hyaluronic Acid & Nutritional Oils,
- Probiotics, Enzymes & Healthy Digestion, and
- Other Supplement Products.
In other words, dietary supplements come in a variety of forms. Such as traditional tablets, capsules, and powders, as well as drinks and energy bars.
Popular supplements include vitamins D and E. In addition, minerals like calcium and iron; herbs such as echinacea and garlic; and specialty products like glucosamine, probiotics, and fish oils.
Food & Dietary Supplements Effectiveness
If you don’t eat a nutritious variety of foods, some supplements might help you get adequate amounts of essential nutrients.
However, supplements can’t take the place of a variety of foods that are important to a healthy diet.
Scientific evidence shows that some dietary supplements are beneficial for overall health and for managing some health conditions.
For example, calcium and vitamin D are important for keeping bones strong.
Of course, reducing bone loss; folic acid decreases the risk of certain birth defects, and omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils might help some people with heart disease.
What are Vitamins?
Vitamins are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins your body needs.
Including, Vitamin A. B, vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and folate).
Generally speaking, the modern era has become a fast-paced lifestyle. Wherein the tasks we do every day make it seem like the time given to us is not enough to complete it all.
Because of this, we became swamped to the point of not of forgetting our health.
Food or nutritional and herbal supplements have been quite popular in the country for some years.
They are often packaged in tablets, pills, capsules or liquid forms, and they can be vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanical plants.
Learn more about Vitamins & other Food Supplements
Supplements Safety and Risks to Consider
In reality, many supplements contain active ingredients that can have strong effects on the body.
With this in mind, always be alert to the possibility of unexpected side effects, especially when taking a new product.
Supplements Aren’t Medicine Alternatives
Supplements are most likely to cause side effects or harm when people take them instead of prescribed medicines or when people take many supplements in combination.
Some supplements can increase the risk of bleeding or, if a person takes them before or after surgery, they can affect the person’s response to anesthesia.
Dietary supplements can also interact with certain prescription drugs in ways that might cause problems.
Below are just but a few examples:
- Vitamin K can reduce the ability of the blood thinner Coumadin® to prevent blood from clotting.
- St. John’s wort can speed the breakdown of many drugs (including antidepressants and birth control pills) and thereby reduce these drugs’ effectiveness.
- Antioxidant supplements, like vitamins C and E, might reduce the effectiveness of some types of cancer chemotherapy.
Consider Your Key Dietary Ingredients
Keep in mind that some ingredients found in dietary supplements are added to a growing number of foods, including breakfast cereals and beverages.
As a result, you may be getting more of these ingredients than you think, and more might not be better.
Taking more than you need is always more expensive and can also raise your risk of experiencing side effects.
For example, getting too much vitamin A can cause headaches and liver damage, reduce bone strength, and cause birth defects.
Excess iron causes nausea and vomiting and may damage the liver and other organs.
Taking Supplements During Pregnancy
Be cautious about taking dietary supplements if you are pregnant or nursing.
Also, be careful about giving them (beyond a basic multivitamin/mineral product) to a child.
Most dietary supplements have not been well tested for safety in pregnant women, nursing mothers, or children.
If you suspect that you have had a serious reaction from a dietary supplement, let your health care provider know.
In addition, report your reaction to the dietary supplement company by using the contact information on the product label.
What are Multivitamins?
A Multivitamin is a supplement that contains many different vitamins and minerals, sometimes alongside other ingredients.
As there’s no standard for what constitutes a multivitamin, their nutrient composition varies by brand and product.
Multivitamins are also called multiminerals, multis, multiples, or simply vitamins.
They’re available in many forms, including tablets, capsules, chewable gummies, powders, and liquids.
Most multivitamins should be taken once or twice a day. Make sure to read the label and follow the recommended dosage instructions.
See detailed information about Multivitamins
Food & Dietary Supplements Quality Check
As a matter of fact, Food & Dietary Supplements are complex products.
Be that as it may, the FDA has established good manufacturing practices (GMPs) for dietary supplements to help ensure their identity, purity, strength, and composition.
- Whereby, these GMPs are designed to prevent the;
- inclusion of the wrong ingredient,
- addition of too much or too little of an ingredient,
- possibility of contamination,
- and the improper packaging and labeling of a product.
Secondly, the FDA periodically inspects facilities that manufacture dietary supplements.
In addition, several independent organizations offer quality testing and allow products that pass these tests to display their seals of approval.
These seals of approval provide assurance that the product was properly manufactured, contains the ingredients listed on the label, and does not contain harmful levels of contaminants.
However, these seals of approval do not guarantee that a product is safe or effective.
Before taking a dietary supplement, ask yourself these questions:
- What are the potential health benefits of this dietary supplement product?
- What are its potential benefits for me?
- Does this product have any safety risks?
- What is the proper dose to take?
- How, when, and for how long should I take it?
If you don’t know the answers to these questions, use the information sources listed in this brochure and talk to your health care providers.
For your information, the FDA provides a useful form, ”My Medicine Record”, to record the medicines and dietary supplements.
Particularly, that you take which you can share with your health care providers.
Dietary Supplements Additional Points
As can be seen, dietary supplements are products intended to supplement the diet.
They are not drugs and, therefore, are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure diseases.
While the supplement company is responsible for having evidence that their products are safe and the label claims are truthful and not misleading, they do not have to provide that evidence.
In particular, to the Regulatory Body before the product is marketed. Therefore, dietary supplement labels may carry certain types of health-related claims.
In that case, manufacturers must follow certain good manufacturing practices to ensure the identity, purity, strength, and composition of their products.
Having said that, don’t decide to take food or dietary supplements to treat a health condition that you have diagnosed yourself, without consulting a health care provider.
Certain herbs (for example, comfrey and kava) can harm the liver.
Don’t take supplements in place of, or in combination with, prescribed medications without your health care provider’s approval.
Let your health care providers (including doctors, pharmacists, and dietitians) know which dietary supplements you’re taking so that you can discuss what’s best for your overall health.
Your health care provider can help you determine which supplements, if any, might be valuable for you.
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