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What is phpMyAdmin? How it Works in MySQL Databases

In reality, all advanced webmasters can delete WordPress Post Revisions via phpMyAdmin. But, first, you’ll need to make sure that you’ve created a complete WordPress database backup.

After that, you’ll simply log in to their WordPress hosting control panel and then click on the phpMyAdmin icon. Next, you’ll need to select their WordPress database from the left column. As a result, the phpMyAdmin software will now display tables in your WordPress database.

What is phpMyAdmin?

After that, you’ll need to click on the SQL tab from the top menu. And by doing so, it will load its SQL interface. From here you can manually run commands on your WordPress database. Sounds so easy and simple, right? Well, that’s just the tip of the iceberg of what this tool can do!

What is phpMyAdmin?

phpMyAdmin is an open-source software tool introduced on September 9, 1998, which is written in PHP. Basically, it is a third-party tool to manage the tables and data inside the database. It supports various type of operations on MariaDB and MySQL.

The main purpose of phpMyAdmin is to handle the administration of MySQL over the web. It is the most popular application for MySQL database management. We can create, update, drop, alter, delete, import, and export MySQL database tables by using this software.

In addition, it also supports a wide range of operations. Like managing databases, relations, tables, columns, indexes, permissions, and users, etc., on MySQL and MariaDB. These operations can be performed via a user interface, while we still have the ability to execute any SQL statement.

Related Topic: How is WordPress Backup done? A Step-by-step Guide

On the other hand, it’s translated into 72 languages and also supports both RTL and LTR languages so that a wide range of people can easily use this software. We can run MySQL queries, repair, optimized, check tables, and also execute other database management commands.

phpMyAdmin can also be used to perform administrative tasks such as database creation, query execution.

Which are the Features of phpMyAdmin?

In other words, phpMyAdmin is a GUI-based application that is used to manage MySQL database. We can manually create a database and table and execute the query on them.

It provides a web-based interface and can run on any server. Since it is web-based, so we can access it from any computer. And in nutshell, it supports several features that are given below:

  • phpMyAdmin can create, alter, browse, and drop databases, views, tables, columns, and indexes.
  • It can display multiple results sets through queries and stored procedures.
  • phpMyAdmin use stored procedure and queries to display multiple results sets.
  • It supports foreign keys and InnoDB tables.
  • phpMyAdmin can track the changes done on databases, views, and tables.
  • We can also create PDF graphics of our database layout.
  • phpMyAdmin can be exported into various formats. Such as XML, CSV, PDF, ISO/IEC 26300 – OpenDocument Text and Spreadsheet.
  • It supports MySQLi, which is the improved MySQL extension.
  • phpMyAdmin can interact with 80 different languages.
  • phpMyAdmin can edit, execute, and bookmark any SQL-statements and even batch-queries.
  • By using a set of pre-defined functions, it can transform stored data into any format. For example – BLOB-data as image or download-link.
  • It provides the facility to backup the database into different forms.

Advantages of phpMyAdmin

  • phpMyAdmin can run on any server or any OS as it has a web browser.
  • We can easily create, delete, and edit the database and can manage all elements using the graphical interface of phpMyAdmin, which is much easier than MySQL command-line editor.
  • phpMyAdmin helps us to control the user’s permission and operate several servers at the same time.
  • We can also backup our database and export the data into different formats like XML, CSV, SQL, PDF, OpenDocument Text, Excel, Word, and Spreadsheet, etc.
  • We can execute complex SQL statements and queries, create and edit functions, triggers, and events using the graphical interface of phpMyAdmin.

Disadvantages of phpMyAdmin

  • phpMyAdmin is a simple interface, but quite tough for a beginner to learn.
  • It’s difficult to install as it needs three more software tools before installation. Including an Apache server, PHP, and MySQL.
  • We have to install all these software tools individually, whereas XAMPP already contains them in a single package. XAMPP is the easiest way to get phpMyAdmin.
  • It has no schema visualization.
  • phpMyAdmin is a web-based software tool that runs only on the browser, so It completely depends on browsers.
  • It does not have auto-compilation capability.

Data Backup problem with phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin lacks a lot of features in import/export functionality.

  • Scheduling: There is no way to export the data of the database in phpMyAdmin automatically.
  • Storage media support: As we have discussed earlier, phpMyAdmin is a web-based software, so it runs only on the browser. We can take backups only to the local drives of our system.
  • Compression, Encryption, and other option: The files which are exported with phpMyAdmin are saved as common text files, with any additional processing. Whereas, storing these files in the original form usually takes a lot of disk storage.
Prerequisite
  • Web server – Apache, Nginx, IIS
  • PHP
  • Database – MySQL, MariaDB
  • Web Browser

Web server: Its interface is based on a web browser, you need a web server to keep phpMyAdmin’s files inside it. Apache and IIS are popular web servers. You can download the Apache webserver from here http://mirrors.estointernet.in/apache//httpd/.

PHP: You’ll also need to install PHP 5.3 or the upper version to support different functionalities. It contains different extensions to provide support for these functionalities.

For example: –

  • Session support -SPL (Standard PHP Library) extension
  • Uploading of ZIP files support -PHP zip extension
  • Cookie authentication – mcrypt extension
  • Open Document Spreadsheet and XML importing support – libxml extension

We can download PHP from here. https://www.php.net/downloads.php.

Database: phpMyAdmin supports databases, i.e.

  • MySQL 5.5 or latest versions
  • MariaDB 5.5 or latest versions

Download the MySQL database from here https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/file/?id=486088 or MariaDB database from here https://mariadb.org/download/.

Web Browser: A web browser is required to access it with cookies and JavaScript enabled. It can be Chrome, Internet Explorer, etc.

Difference between phpMyAdmin and MySQL Console
  1. phpMyAdmin provides a user interface through which we can execute queries within SQL. We can also paste the query into SQL to test our output, whereas on MySQL Console we cannot copy and paste queries. We have to write queries every time to execute on the MySQL console.
  2. MySQL is a database server, on the other hand, phpMyAdmin is a server tool to access the database on MySQL server.
  3. We have to learn database query to create, delete, alter, update, and drop to execute on MySQL console, whereas in phpMyAdmin we can do it using graphical user interface which automatically executes these queries in background.

Download — phpMyAdmin 5.1.0

Many operating systems already include a phpMyAdmin package and will automatically keep it updated. However, these versions are sometimes slightly outdated and therefore may be missing the latest features. Additionally, the configuration process varies widely by package and may not adhere to the official documentation.

That being said, it is usually the quickest and easiest way of keeping an updated installation. Please contact your OS vendor for more information. Some additional information is also available in their documentation. If you just want to try phpMyAdmin in a virtual machine, you might want to check the available software appliances which provide phpMyAdmin.

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Current version compatible with PHP 7.1 and newer and MySQL/MariaDB 5.5 and newer. If you do not find a suitable package or wish to install your own phpMyAdmin, you can download one of these kits. Please note that each version has requirements for the minimum PHP and MySQL versions.

Its Git repository is located at https://github.com/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin.git and you can browse them online using GitHub. Note that phpMyAdmin uses Composer to manage library dependencies, when using git development versions you must manually run Composer. Please see the documentation for details.

How to Install your own phpMyAdmin

  1. Visit the PhpMyAdmin website and download a version equal to or higher than 4.8.4.
  2. Extract the .zip file to your local machine
  3. Rename config.sample.inc.php to config.inc.php
  4. Open config.inc.php in your favorite editor. Change the line,
    1
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';

    to include your MySQL host, E.G change localhost to mysql.pipeten.co.uk.
    Note: If you have a private server with local MySQL your hostname will stay as localhost

  5. While the config.inc.php file is still open, you will also need to add what is called a “blowfish Secret” this is used for cookie Authentication.
  6. You should create a random string, which may contact numbers, letters, and special characters and should be at least 32 characters in length. See the example below.
    1
    $cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'aRandomStringofCharacters!ThatisAtLeast32Characters';
  7. Upload the contents of the folder to your webspace.
  8. Set the PHP version to PHP 5.6 or above.
  9. Visit the URL within your web browser and login using the database user and associated password.
  10. That’s it, you now have your own PhpMyAdmin instance installed.

Before installing it, you should have already installed a web server such as Apache or IIS (learn more).

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You should verify that the signature matches the archive you have downloaded. Verification instructions are placed in their documentation in the Verifying phpMyAdmin releases chapter.

Finally, it’s my hope that you’ve found the above guide useful. But, if you’ll need more support, you can Contact Us and let us know how we can help you. You can also share your additional thoughts, contributions, or questions in our comments section below.

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