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What is a Web Page? & How does It work with Examples?

So, how do you collect useful information from a Web Page? Well, there are tools like an RSS Feed, a website blog, and other information sources to use. But, at times, they do not fully meet our needs. Why? Simply, because a lot of information is not provided in the form of formatted data.

To tackle this issue, engineers came up with a method to search for information exactly. Therefore, a large number of vertical search sites have appeared. We do not know in detail how it is implemented, but now we can precisely collect data. One of the more popular uses of Python, web scraping.

What is a Web Page?

In reality, web scraping is a powerful tool that you can use to play with data found on the Internet. It’s the process of using bots to extract content and data from a website. Also known as web harvesting, programs make use of web scraping to read through HTML websites (learn more).

Related Topic: Web Query Parameter | What is the Destination Targeting?

Nowadays, people no longer worry about the lack of information, but they worry about paying for the screening of a large amount of useful information. And this is where the role of a Web Page kicks in. So, what is it and how does it work?

What is a Web Page?

A Web Page or Webpage is a document, commonly written in HTML, that is viewed in an Internet browser. It can be accessed by entering a URL address into a browser’s address bar. And as such, it may contain text, graphics, and hyperlinks to other web pages and files. Just like this one you are browsing.

More often, a web page is used to provide information to viewers, including pictures or videos to help illustrate important topics. In addition, it may also be used as a method to sell products or services to viewers. And as a result, multiple web pages make up a website, like the jmexclusives website.

As a web user, when you click a link provided by a search engine (like Google Chrome), you are accessing a web page. Bearing in mind, the Internet consists of millions of web pages, with more being added every day. The first web page was created at CERN by Tim Berners-Lee on August 6, 1991.

That said, you can visit and browse the first website and the first web page at the info.cern.ch address.

More Useful Sources:

As I said, the blog page you are reading now is a good example of a web page. It comprises several web technologies, including HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

And although the web page body is created using HTML, that HTML code can be created using an HTML editor. More so, written by a real human or generated using server-side scripts or other scripts. A web page created by a human often ends with a .htm or .html file extension and known as a static web page.

For example, this page uses “webpage.htm” as its file name. Dynamic web pages generated by a script can end in .cgi, .php, .pl, and other extensions depending on the language generating the page. As an example, in this article, you can read and learn more about how to create a web page for free.

A Static Web Page

Static Web Pages are also known as a flat or stationary web page. They are loaded on the client’s browser as exactly they are stored on the webserver. Such web pages contain only static information. Users can only read the information but can’t do any modification or interact with the information.

Above all, static web pages are created using only HTML. And they’re only used when the information is no more required to be modified.

A Dynamic Web Page

Dynamic Web Pages shows different information at different point of time. It is possible to change a portion of a web page without loading the entire web page. It has been made possible using Ajax technology.

  • Server-side dynamic web page: It is created by using server-side scripting. There are server-side scripting parameters that determine how to assemble a new web page which also includes setting up more client-side processing.
  • Client-side dynamic web page: It is processed using client-side scripting such as JavaScript. And then passed into the Document Object Model (DOM).

In order for a web page to work, we use what is called Scripting Languages. They’re like programming languages that allow us to write programs in form of script. These scripts are interpreted not compiled and executed line by line. Thus, they’re used to create dynamic web pages.

  • Client-side scripting: Refers to the programs that are executed on the client-side. They contain the instruction for the browser to be executed in response to certain user’s actions.
  • Server-side scripting: Acts as an interface for the client and also limits the user access to the resources on the webserver. It can also collect the user’s bio to customize the response.

By all means, client-side scripting programs can be embedded into HTML files or also can be kept as separate files. Such scripting languages include JavaScript, ActionScript, Dart, and VBScript for the client-side. While ASP, ActiveVFP, ASP.net, Java, Python, and WebDNA are mainly for the server-side.

What are the Elements of a Web Page?

Viewing a web page requires a browser, like Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Safari, Firefox, or Google Chrome. For example, you are reading this web page using a browser. Once in a browser, you can open a web page by entering the URL in the address bar.

For example, typing “https://josephmuciraexclusives.com/blog/” (or copying and pasting) opens the jmexclusives blog page. Furthermore, if you don’t know the URL of the site you’d like to visit, you can use a search engine to find it.

More guides about how to:
  1. copy a link or URL
  2. get text and images from web pages
  3. copy and paste text in a document or another program

Forthwith, every web page is different. However, most pages contain some or all of the elements contained on this web page. Below is an overview of the major elements of a web page.

Navigation Menu Bars

The website, blog name, logo, or company name is often in the top-left corner of each web page. The logo may also include a slogan or brief statement about the site. In order to give visitors an instant understanding of the site. Also, this section of the web page is usually a link that may link back to the homepage.

The search bar allows a visitor to search a website for related information and should be available on every page. While the navigation bar, or menu for a web page, is often found on the top or left side of each web page. It should include links to each of the major sections of the website.

The breadcrumbs help the user know where they are on the website. They also provide a way for the user to return to, or explore, other main sections of the website.

End-User Tools

Advertisement banners can be shown in different places on a web page and help pay for the expenses of running a website and company. Ad banners are often found at the top, left, right, or bottom of a page and may also be included in the content.

Social share links allow visitors to share your site with other co-workers, friends, and family on social networking sites.

Web Page Content

The heading should be included on the top of every web page and should be created using the <h1> HTML tag.

By the same token, the opening paragraph is one of the most important paragraphs on the web page. And, therefore, should help draw the visitor into reading the web page. One way to help draw the visitor’s eyes is to include a hero image near the opening paragraph.

Each web page should be broken up into other headings that allow the visitor to easily skim and find what is most interesting on the page. When creating a web page these can be done using the <h2> to <h6> HTML tags.

Frontend Tools

Having a method of allowing a visitor to provide feedback is also a requirement for most web pages. Giving the visitor links or buttons to click for feedback is a good step to let you know if a web page is helpful or not. Additional information and tools such as a button to print the page can also be helpful for users on most web pages.

The footer should include any other important company or website information and be included on all web pages to help the visitor continue using the site. Additionally, the Copyright and any legal or privacy notice should also be on all web pages.

Not only can this link to relevant legal information it is an indication for most visitors that they have reached the end of the web page. And then, finally, a “back to the top” button or link at the bottom of the page helps the visitor return to the menu links or other tools.

What is a Website URL?

A Website URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. In that case, a Website URL is nothing more than the address of a given unique resource on the Web. And in theory, each valid URL points to a unique resource. Such resources can be an HTML page, a CSS document, an image, etc.

While in practice, there are some exceptions, the most common being a URL pointing to a resource that no longer exists or that has moved. As the resource represented by the URL and the URL itself are handled by the Web server. Whereby, it is up to the owner of the webserver to carefully manage that resource and its associated URL.

Related Topic: URL Components | The Most Important Parts Explained

In other words, URL Components or as known as a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a specific type of URI (Universal Resource Identifier). It normally locates an existing resource on the Internet. Meaning, a Website URL is when a web client makes a request to a server for a resource.

More so, just like the Internet Society and IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) defines the concepts of the URI and the URL Components.

Which are the Components of a Website URL?

Briefly, a URI is any character string that identifies a resource. A URL is one of those URIs that identify a resource by its location, rather than by a name or other attribute of the resource. A URL for HTTP (or HTTPS) is normally made up of three or four components (more on that below).

A newer form of the resource identifier, the IRI (Internationalized Resource Identifier), permits the use of characters and formats that are suitable for national languages other than English. In short, Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs) are a new protocol element, a complement to URIs [RFC2396].

Related Topic: URL Components | The Most Important Parts Explained

An IRI is a sequence of characters from the Universal Character Set (Unicode/ISO10646). There is a mapping from IRIs to URIs, which means that IRIs can be used instead of URIs where appropriate to identify resources.

For example, if you enter https://josephmuciraexclusives.com/url-components/ in your web browser, your web browser will take you to this post. But if you just enter https://josephmuciraexclusives.com/, you get taken to the jmexclusives home or main page, etc.

The main URL components are:

  1. A scheme. The scheme identifies the protocol to be used to access the resource on the Internet. It can be HTTP (without SSL) or HTTPS (with SSL).
  2. A host. The hostname identifies the host that holds the resource. For example, www.example.com. A server provides services in the name of the host, but hosts and servers do not have a one-to-one mapping. Refer to Hostnames. Hostnames can also be followed by a port number. Refer to Port numbers. Well-known port numbers for service are normally omitted from the URL. Most servers use the well-known port numbers for HTTP and HTTPS, so most HTTP URLs omit the port number.
  3. A path. The path identifies the specific resource in the host that the web client wants to access. For example, /software/htp/cics/index.html.
  4. A query string. If a query string is used, it follows the path component and provides a string of information that the resource can use for some purpose (for example, as parameters for a search or as data to be processed). The query string is usually a string of name and value pairs; for example, term=bluebird. Name and value pairs are separated from each other by an ampersand (&); for example, term=bluebird&source=browser-search.

The scheme and host components of a URL are not defined as case-sensitive, but the path and query string are case-sensitive. Typically, the whole URL is specified in the lowercase. Likewise, the components of the URL are clearly combined and delimited.

Here is an example scenario:

scheme://host:port/path?query
  • The scheme is followed by a colon and two forward slashes.
  • If a port number is specified, that number follows the hostname, separated by a colon.
  • The pathname begins with a single forward slash.
  • If a query string is specified, it is preceded by a question mark.

Here is an example of an HTTP URL:

http://www.example.com/software/index.html With a port number specified, the URL is:
http://www.example.com:1030/software/index.html

A URL can be followed by a fragment identifier. The separator used between the URL and the fragment identifier is the # character.

A fragment identifier is used to point a web browser to a reference or function in the item that it has just retrieved. For example, if the URL identifies an HTML page, a fragment identifier can be used to indicate a subsection within the page, using the ID of the subsection.

Related Topic: What is phpMyAdmin? How it Works in MySQL Databases

In this case, the web browser typically displays the page to the user so that the subsection is visible. The action taken by the web browser for a fragment identifier differs depending on the media type of the item and the defined meaning of the fragment identifier for that media type.

Other protocols, such as File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or Gopher, also use URLs. The URLs used by these protocols might have a different syntax to the one used for HTTP.

What is Web Hosting?

Web Hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post a website or web page onto the Internet. While a web host, or web hosting service provider, is a business that provides the technologies and services needed for the website or webpage to be viewed on the Internet.

Websites are hosted or stored, on a special computer called a Web Server. So that, for instance, when Internet users want to view our website, all they need to do is type our website address (i.e. https://josephmuciraexclusives.com/). Or an alias site name (jmexclusives) or even a domain name (josephmuciraexclusives) into their browser.

By so doing, their computer will then connect to our server and our webpages will be delivered to them through their preferred browser. Assuming, for example, many of our site visitors use either Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, or Firefox.

See Also: The Top 10 Best Web Hosting Services For Newbies (Reviewed & Tested)

Most hosting companies require that you own your domain in order to host with them. If you do not have a domain, the hosting companies will help you purchase one.

Perse, if you decide to create and host your website with Website.com, you’ll get a custom domain, email addresses, and web hosting all bundled into one subscription. In addition to access to the drag and drop site builder.

An advantage of using a website builder (like WordPress) is that it allows you to simply drag and drop the content to create your site, and publish your site live with a few clicks. No technical experience is required. So, would rather build your website through coding or a CMS tool like WordPress? Well, let us know in the comments.

A few hosting providers to consider:

  1. Bluehost
  2. Hostinger
  3. Hostgator
  4. Doteasy
  5. Liquid Web
  6. Rackspace

On most websites, you read the information contained on the page, and if there are any interesting hyperlinks, you follow those links to find more information or perform a task. You can also listen to music, watch videos, shop, communicate, and much more on many websites.

So there you have it, the purpose of a website is to turn visitors into prospects. And the way to do this is to identify the major user types visiting your site. As well as speak to their needs and give them a clear action step to take next.

For beginner webmasters, here are 8 different types of websites and how to design them in detail.

Final Words,

According to Mozilla Firefox, a web browser takes you anywhere on the internet. Letting you see text, images, and videos from anywhere in the world. All in all, the web is a vast and powerful tool. Over the course of a few decades, the internet has changed the way we work, the way we play, and the way we interact with one another.

Depending on how it’s used, it bridges nations. Driving commerce, nurturing relationships, as well as driving the innovation engine of the future. And is responsible for more memes than we know what to do with. It’s important that everyone has access to the web, but it’s also vital that we all understand the web browser tools we use to access it.

Related Topic: Why are WordPress Post Revisions important? How it works

We use web browsers like Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Opera, and Apple Safari every day. But, do we even understand what they are and how they work? In a short period of time, we’ve gone from being amazed by the ability to send an email to someone around the world, to a change in how we think of information.

It’s not a question of how much you know anymore. But, simply a question of what browser can get you information fastest?

More Related Sources:
  1. The Benefits of having a Website
  2. What is a Web Server and How Does it Work?
  3. Top 5 Open Source Web Servers | Opensource.com
  4. Node.js | How It Works & Used In Web Apps Development
  5. What is phpMyAdmin? How it Works in MySQL Databases

Finally, it’s my hope that the above-revised guide was useful to you or even your webmasters.

But, if you’ll face any difficulty, you can Contact Us and let us know how we can help you. You can also share your additional opinion thoughts, suggestions, contributions, or even questions in our comments section below.

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