The Spatial Planning or Urban Planning System is facilitating a change of emphasis by governments in the way they think. Especially, about the role of planning to support and manage economic growth.
As well as, improve the quality of life through a growing understanding of the dynamics of development. Including where and when it occurs. The spatial or urban planning system has more emphasizes than we think. Like, how planning can be more than the traditional regulatory and zoning practices of land use.
As our urban and peri-urban areas become more congested, our bio-diversity becomes increasingly degraded. In fact, apart from our ancient woodlands, there would be few zones. Particularly, where biodiversity is at a level that it was before the Industrial Revolution.
What is an Urban Planning System?
Urban Planning System is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment. Including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas. Such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
To simply put, the urban planning system deals with the physical layout of human settlements. The primary concern is the public welfare, which includes considerations of efficiency. As well as, sanitation, protection and use of the environment. Not forgetting, the effects on social and economic activities.
Basically, the urban planning system is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social science, engineering, and design sciences. It is closely related to the field of urban design. And also, some urban planners provide designs for streets, parks, buildings and other urban areas.
Urban planning is also referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning, urban development. Or some combination in various areas worldwide.
Why is an Urban Planning System important?
The major factors in the loss of biodiversity (meaning the complete range of living organisms from the smallest to the largest). Including plant and animal – biological-diversity) are agriculture and urbanization.
The use of chemicals and the removal of hedges are recognized as responsible for much of the loss of habitat. But, the increase in building density is probably equally responsible for some of our biological deserts.
As humans, we are part of the eco-system that we inhabit, and our health, well being and enjoyment depend greatly on our experience. Especially, of a biologically rich and rewarding landscape.
How is an Urban Planning System used?
The planning system has tried to change this over recent years. And many government initiatives have been successful in stopping the erosion of animal and insect life in our towns and cities.
1. Removal of Permitted rights
The removal of permitted rights to pave front gardens with impermeable paving is a step in the right direction, but more needs to be done. However, the recent Biodiversity Metric 2.0 launched in July 2019 by Natural England provides a gateway.
Particularly, of measuring and accounting for biodiversity losses and gains resulting from development or land management change. The scale of many new residential schemes and redeveloped schemes. Including the one above, Kings Crescent in Hackney with a density of buildings works against a biodiverse area.
2. Landscape designs Species of Plants inclusion
Many of our biodiverse habitats have evolved over hundreds or even thousands of years, and we cannot expect to replicate this overnight. One area that needs attention is ensuring that our landscape designs include species of plants. That encourages greater biodiversity.
And also, that we link our green areas together to allow movement through our schemes of animals and insects. Often the issue comes down to the cost factor, both of installation and of maintenance. Eventually, which provides very little habitat or food for the nature we want to encourage.
3. The long-term Health of a Scheme
Generally, the long-term health of a scheme is the other critical factor that is often overlooked. New developments are often adopted by local authorities, who are permanently strapped for funding. And who do not have the resource to maintain a biologically rich environment.
At times local authorities charge a commuted sum to allow for maintenance that is prohibitive to the developer. And thus making sure that the important parts get value-engineered – cut out.
4. Tree Planting is a Must for Cities
Incorporating trees into Sustainable Urban Drainage Schemes (SuDS) brings additional benefits for both habitat and human enjoyment. Trees can be planted in such a way that they do not take up large amounts of developable land.
And when used as stormwater managers, these magnificent living plants can pay for themselves many times over. Please contact one of the GreenBlue Urban design team for details of how to add biodiversity to your project. In the end, adding value to the schemes.
Also, learn more about Why Tree Planting is a Must for Cities | As New Study Reports.
With all these benefits in mind, we must ensure that new urban tree plantings receive what they need too. Having said that, feel free to Donate and support our projects or even Contact Us if you have additional contributions.
- Why We Need Trees in Our Cities
- Differences between different types of urban planning
- Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management
- Creating Long Term Biodiversity through the Planning System
- A City that Plans: Reinventing Urban Planning