Rectal Bleeding | Everything you Should know About it

The color of the blood during Rectal Bleeding often depends on the location of the bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Generally, the closer the bleeding site is to the anus, the blood will be a brighter red. Thus, bleeding from the anus, rectum, and the sigmoid colon tend to be bright red.

Whereas, bleeding from the transverse colon and the right colon (transverse and right colon are several feet away from the anus) tend to be dark red or maroon colored.

How does Rectal Bleeding occur

Often, most people find themselves having a look at their poo immediately after helping themselves. Or taking a rush commitment to jump out of there as soon as possible. Well to a doctor, that is a very big mistake.

In that case, from today, we as jmexclusives further, urge you to start looking at your deposit. For one thing, you may save your life just by noticing something weird or different down there.

How does Rectal Bleeding occur?

Rectal Bleeding (known medically as hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus, often mixed with stool and/or blood clots. Most rectal bleeding comes from the colon, rectum, or anus and can be associated with diarrhea.

Finding blood in your stool may be scary. This Bloody stool can be a symptom of several serious medical conditions. Or usually isn’t the case. Moreover, rectal bleeding is the passage of blood through the anus. The bleeding results in bright red blood in the stool. As well as, maroon-colored or black stool.

Bloody stool is a sign of a serious medical condition. Therefore, if anyone who notices blood in his or her stool speak with a physician. To determine if further, they need examination and treatment. In addition, regular screenings, such as fecal occult tests and colonoscopies are important to everyone above the age of 50. To help detect more serious digestive issues.

What Causes Rectal Bleeding?

Seeing blood in the toilet, on the outside of your stool. Or with wiping after a bowel movement is common. Fortunately, most of the causes of such rectal bleeding are not life-threatening. Common causes include hemorrhoids and anal fissures.

However, the only way to be certain of the cause is if a physician evaluates. Most people with minor rectal bleeding do not have colon cancer or other serious condition. However, it is not possible to know the cause of rectal bleeding without an examination. Thus, anyone who notices rectal bleeding should talk to their physician. To determine if you are ok.

Rectal Bleeding

Bloody stool is a sign that there is bleeding somewhere along the digestive tract. The blood can range in color from bright red to maroon. It may even appear tarry and black. If the bleeding is occurring higher up in the digestive tract.

More common, less-serious causes of bloody stool include:
  • Hemorrhoids – These are blood vessels that swell. Often, in the rectum or anus. They are itchy, painful and sometimes bleed. Those who suffer from hemorrhoids may notice bright red blood either in the toilet. Or coating the stool after a bowel movement.
  • Anal Fissures – This is a small tear in the lining of the anus. That causes bleeding and the sensation of ripping, tearing or burning after a bowel movement.
  • Peptic Ulcers – This is an open sore in the lining of the stomach. An upper end of the small intestine or duodenum. As a result, of bacterial infection.
  • Food poisoning – In addition to other issues, several foodborne organisms cause bloody stool. A stool sample help identify which bacteria you have and how to treat the infection.
Other more serious causes of blood in stool include:
  • Crohn’s disease – This causes inflammation of the digestive tract lining. As a result, it leads to severe diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  • Colon Polyps – These are benign growths or clumps of cells. They form along the lining of the colon. Although usually harmless, colon polyps can grow, bleed and cause cancer.
  • Cancer – Blood in the stool can be a symptom of cancer along the digestive tract. Colon cancer and anal cancer are two types that can cause bleeding. Sometimes not visible through the naked eye to more severe bleeding.

How do you Prevent these Causes?

Bloody stool is a sign of a serious medical condition. Therefore, if anyone who notices blood in his or her stool speak with a physician. To determine if further, they need examination and treatment. In addition, regular screenings, such as fecal occult tests and colonoscopies are important to everyone above the age of 50. To help detect more serious digestive issues.

As a matter of fact, It’s important to have a doctor evaluate any bleeding in the stool. Any details about the bleeding will help your doctor locate the site of bleeding. For example, a black, tarry stool is likely an ulcer. Or another problem in the upper part of the digestive tract.

Bright red blood or maroon-colored stools usually indicate a problem in the lower part of the digestive tract. For instance, hemorrhoids or diverticulitis. After getting a medical history and doing a physical exam. Eventually, the physicians help to determine the cause of bleeding.

Read more about Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding, Hematochezia).

How is Rectal Bleeding Tested?

Any blood in the stool is not normal and should be reported to a health-care professional. However, there are certain circumstances that might be considered an emergency and medical care should be accessed immediately.

These situations include:

  • Black, tarry stools that may be due to bleeding from the esophagus, stomach or duodenum (upper gastrointestinal [GI] tract). This is an especially potentially serious concern in patients with liver disease and/or portal hypertension who have esophageal varices. This is a potentially life-threatening situation.
  • The maroon-colored stool may be caused by an upper GI bleed or a bleeding source in the small intestine.
  • Lightheadedness, weakness, fainting (syncope), chest pain or shortness of breath may be symptoms of significant blood loss.
  • Bleeding that is associated with fever and abdominal pain.

An accurate diagnosis of the location and the cause of rectal bleeding is important for proper treatment and prevention of further bleeding.

Rectal Bleeding

However, diagnosis relies on the history and physical examination, anoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, radionuclide scans, angiograms, and blood tests.

Some of the methods used include;

1. Nasogastric Lavage

A test that shows whether bleeding is in the upper or lower digestive tract. Thus, the procedure involves removing the contents of the stomach. Through a tube inserted into the stomach through the nose

2. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

Basically, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy is a procedure that involves inserting an endoscope.

As well as, a flexible tube with a small camera on the end. Through the mouth and down the esophagus to the stomach and duodenum.

The doctor may use this to look for the source of bleeding.

3. Colonoscopy

This is a simple procedure that is similar to an EGD. Except the scope goes through the rectum to view the colon.

For your information, with an EGD, colonoscopy collects tissue samples for biopsy.

4. Enteroscopy

A procedure that is similar to EGD that examines the small intestine.

In some cases, this involves swallowing a capsule with a tiny camera inside. This transmits images to a video monitor as it passes through the digestive tract.

5. Barium X-ray

A procedure that uses a contrast material called barium. To make the digestive tract show up on an X-ray. The physician inserts into the rectum.

6. Radionuclide Scanning 

This procedure involves injecting small amounts of radioactive material into a vein.

Thus, using a special camera to see images of blood flow in the digestive tract. To detect the bleeding.

7. Angiography

A procedure that involves injecting a special dye into a vein. This makes blood vessels visible on an X-ray or a CT(computerized tomography) scan.

This detects bleeding as dye leaks out of blood vessels at the bleeding site.

8. Laparotomy

Equally important, a surgical procedure in which the doctor opens and examines the abdomen. This is necessary if other tests fail to find the cause of bleeding.

Also, physicians order lab tests when there is blood in stools. These tests look for clotting problems, anemia, and the presence of H. pylori infection.

How is Rectal Bleeding treated?

Depending on the results of the examination. Treatment can include medication, such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs.

Above all, a doctor may use one of several techniques to stop the acute bleeding. Often, endoscopy injects chemicals into the site of bleeding. Treat the bleeding site with an electric current or laser. Or apply a band or clip to close the bleeding vessel.

However, treatment varies depending on the cause. This may include medications such as antibiotics to treat H. pylori. The ones to suppress the acid in the stomach, or anti-inflammatory drugs to treat colitis. Surgery helps to remove polyps. As well as the parts of the colon damaged by cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.

Additionally, treatment may involve simple things you can do on your own. These include eating a high-fiber diet to relieve constipation. That causes hemorrhoids and anal fissures. As well as sitting, in warm or hot baths. To relieve fissures.

Therefore, if you do experience rectal bleeding. Seek a physician who specializes in the gastrointestinal tract.

Resources;

I hope the above-revised guide was helpful towards your next dietary plan.

But, if you’ll additional contributions or questions, please Contact Us, or simply, leave your insights in the comments box below.

Finally, below are more useful and related to the topic links;

  1. Unity Point Health (Blood in Stool: What Does it Mean?)
  2. Web Med (Blood in Stool)
  3. Up to Date (Patient education: Blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) in adults (Beyond the Basics))
  4. Mayo Clinic (Blood in Stool)
  5. Medicine.net ( Blood ins the Stool (Rectal Bleeding))
  6. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (A Cause for Alarm?)
  7. Health Direct (Blood in Stool)
  8. Cancer Research UK (Bowel cancer)
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