IPCC Organization | About the Panel on Climate Change

Notably, the IPCC Organization (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), was created to provide policymakers with regular scientific assessments on Climate Change. In addition, its implications and potential future risks, as well as to put forward adaptation and mitigation options.

Another important key point, through its assessments, the IPCC determines the state of knowledge on climate change. Moreover, it identifies where there is an agreement in the scientific community on topics related to climate change.

What does the IPCC Organization do?

Remarkably, the IPCC reports are neutral, policy-relevant but not policy-prescriptive. Important to realize, the Programme was created by the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988.

Whereas, the Organization of the IPCC Program has 195 members. As a matter of fact, the Program prepares comprehensive Assessment Reports about the state of scientific, technical and socio-economic knowledge.

IPCC Organization

Especially that which is related to climate change, its impacts, and future risks. And also options for reducing the rate at which climate change is taking place. Equally important, it also produces Special Reports on topics agreed to by its member governments.

As well as the Methodology Reports that provide guidelines for the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories. Learn more about the reports here.

The IPCC Organization Activities

In the first place, the main activity of the Program is the preparation of reports assessing the state of knowledge of climate change. Including, assessment reports, special reports, and methodology reports.

In like manner, to deliver this work program, it holds meetings of its government representatives, convening as plenary sessions of the Panel or IPCC Working Groups to approve, adopt and accept reports. Plenary Sessions of the IPCC also determine the IPCC work program and other business.

Including its budget and outlines of reports. The IPCC Bureau meets regularly to provide guidance to the Panel on scientific and technical aspects of its work.

The Panel and the Plenary Sessions

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a panel of 195 member governments. Each IPCC member designates a National Focal Point. In cases where a country has not identified a Focal Point, all correspondence from the IPCC is directed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

IPCC Organization

Equally, the Panel also approves and adopts IPCC reports and elects the IPCC Chair, other members of the IPCC Bureau and the Task Force Bureau.

Representatives of IPCC member governments meet in Plenary Sessions at least once a year. The Sessions are attended by hundreds of officials and experts from relevant ministries, agencies and research institutions from member countries and from Observer Organizations.

The Panel works by consensus to decide on the organization’s budget and work program; the scope and outline of its reports; issues related to principles and procedures of the IPCC; and the structure and mandate of IPCC Working Groups and Task Forces.

National Focal Point Levels

IPCC National Focal Points prepare and update the list of national experts to help implement the IPCC work program. The Focal Points also arrange for the provision of integrated government comments on the accuracy and completeness of the scientific and/or technical content.

In addition to the overall scientific and/or technical balance of drafts of reports. They serve as the point of contact between the IPCC and its member governments. The list of IPCC National Focal Points is available here.

Observer Organizations

Any non-profit body or agency qualified in matters covered by the IPCC, whether national or international, governmental or intergovernmental, may be admitted as an IPCC Observer Organization.

UN bodies and organizations are admitted as observers if they so request, and organizations with existing observer status with the WMO or the UN may be considered as observers of the IPCC, subject to acceptance by the Panel. The IPCC has at present 29 Observer Organizations among UN bodies and organizations and 87 non-UN observers.

Representatives of observer organizations may attend sessions of the IPCC and the plenary sessions of the IPCC Working Groups. These experts participate in the review process in their own name and not on behalf of the Observer Organization.

The policy and process for admitting Observer Organizations are available here;  [ English | ArabicChinese | French | Russian | Spanish ]. The list of IPCC Observer Organizations is available here.


The IPCC organizes scoping meetings of experts and meetings of lead authors to prepare reports. It organizes expert meetings and workshops on various topics to support its work program and publishes the proceedings of these meetings.

To communicate its findings and explain its work, the IPCC takes part in outreach activities organized by the IPCC or hosted by other organizations, and provides speakers to other conferences.

More information on sessions of the IPCC, its Working Groups and the Bureau can be found in the Documentation section.

The IPCC Organization Bureau

The Panel elects a Bureau to provide guidance to the Panel on the scientific and technical aspects of its work, advise on related management and strategic issues, and take decisions on specific issues within its mandate.

It currently has 34 members who aren’t paid by the Programme. Members of the Bureau are elected by the Panel for the duration of an assessment cycle and must reflect a balanced geographic representation, with due consideration for scientific and technical requirements.

The Co-Chairs and Vice-Chairs of each Working Group form the Bureau of that Working Group.

The Task Force Bureau (TFB)

The Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI) has its own Task Force Bureau (TFB) composed of 12 members and the two Co-Chairs of the TFI. The TFB overseas the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. The results of the elections are available here.

The Executive Committee

The IPCC Chair, IPCC Vice-Chairs, and the Co-Chairs of the three Working Groups and the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories form the Executive Committee (ExCom).

The ExCom’s role is to strengthen and facilitate the timely and effective implementation of the IPCC work program in accordance with the IPCC’s Principles and Procedures, the decisions of the Panel, and the advice of the Bureau.

It includes advisory members the head of the IPCC Secretariat and the heads of the Technical Support Units of the Working Groups and TFI. The ExCom addresses issues related to IPCC products and its work program.

That requires prompt attention between Panel Sessions and strengthens coordination. Between Working Groups and the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories on activities related to the production of assessment reports and other relevant IPCC products.

It also undertakes communication and outreach activities and oversees the response to possible errors in completed assessments and other IPCC products based on the Error Protocol.

Working Groups and Task Force

IPCC assessments and special reports are prepared by three Working Groups, each looking at a different aspect of the science related to climate change. Including;

  1. the Working Group I (The Physical Science Basis)
  2. Working Group II (Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability)
  3. and Working Group III (Mitigation of Climate Change)

The IPCC also has a Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, whose main objective is to develop and refine a methodology for the calculation and reporting of national greenhouse gas emissions and removals. The Working Groups and Task Force handle the preparation of reports, selecting and managing the experts that work on them as authors.

Engage with the Program

Again, hundreds of experts in different fields volunteer their time and expertise to produce IPCC reports. Especially, Coordinating Lead Authors and Lead Authors have collective responsibility for the contents of a chapter.

On one hand, CLAs are responsible for coordinating work on major sections of a report such as chapters.

On the other hand, LAs are responsible for the production of designated sections of the report within a chapter. Such as on the basis of the best scientific, technical and socio-economic information available.

IPCC Organization Contributing Authors

Likewise, Coordinating Lead Authors and Lead Author may enlist other experts as Contributing Authors to assist with their work.

Contributing Authors, who number many hundreds, provide specific knowledge or expertise in a given area. And also help ensure that the full range of views held in the scientific community is reflected in the report.

Uniquely, Chapter Scientists provide technical and logistical support to author teams. Including support with cross-checking between findings presented in different parts of the report, additional fact-checking, and reference management.

Not to mention, becoming a chapter scientist is an opportunity for Early Career Researchers to gain important insights into what it means to work at the science-policy interface, work first-hand with leading international experts and build a global network of research SEO-automated-link-building-1.

Contribute to the IPCC Organization literature

Equally, the IPCC is committed to preparing reports. As well as assessing the current state of knowledge of the science related to climate change. Particularly, which aims for the highest standards of scientific excellence, balance, and clarity.

Whereas, to achieve this, each report undergoes two review periods. Including, an Expert Review of the First Order Draft, and a Government and Expert Review of the Second Order Draft. Whereby, this review process includes wide participation. With hundreds of reviewers commenting on the accuracy and completeness of the scientific assessment.

At the beginning of each review period, the Program issues a press release. With details of the duration of the review period and how to participate. Expert Reviewers must provide a self-declaration of expertise.

In the same way, their reports are assessments of published literature. Uniquely, contributing to the body of published literature through peer-reviewed articles provides an essential foundation for the assessment.

To say nothing of, these dates are announced on their Main Website.


Having said that, I hope the above-revised profile guide was informative enough.

But, if you’ll have additional information, questions or even more contributions, please Contact Us. We’ll be more than glad to offer our input and limitless service solutions support.

Below are more useful and related topic links;
  1. The IPCC Video: Tell my story the way it is (Contributing to the IPCC as an author)
  2. The SEO-automated-link-building-1: Blog Articles on Climate Change and Weather Developments.
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