To enumerate, Gum Disease is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.
In its early stage, the periodontal or gum disease is also called the gingivitis.
As a matter of fact, plaque produces toxins that irritate the gums. Of course, this can cause the gums to become inflamed, making them red or puffy, or causing them to bleed.
Equally, this harmful plaque bacteria can even lead to issues beyond gingivitis like weakened tooth enamel.
Even with regular brushing, it’s important to make sure you’re taking care of your gum line.
How Our Gums Gets Prone To Gingivitis
Important to realize, the beginning signs of gingivitis disease are often seen when we perform dental cleanings.
And we have found that many people haven’t been taking the signs seriously.
Because gingivitis doesn’t often cause pain, many people don’t know they have it.
In fact, as many as 75% of all Kenyans will experience some degree of gingivitis during their lifetime.
That’s why it’s important not only to know what to look for but also to see your dentist and hygienist regularly for cleanings and checkups.
As your gums are the site of the infection, they are where you will likely first see the damage created by gingivitis.
Several symptoms you can look for as warning signs are:
- Tender, red and swollen gums which tend to bleed when you brush and floss.
- Your gums pulling away from your teeth.
- Pus developing between teeth and gums.
Below are more related early signs and symptoms of gingivitis.
» Permanent Bad Breath
Gingivitis can cause you to develop terrible-smelling breath that can’t be brushed away with a toothbrush.
This one may not seem so bad, since all you could possibly mask it with a breath mint.
But the bad breath is just an indicator of what’s happening under your gums.
The unending foul breath is just a symptom of the bacteria eating, growing, reproducing and dying in pockets of your gums.
» Greater Oral Pain Experienced
Even when not brushing your teeth, gingivitis can cause you pain.
As it has made your gums tender, even chewing can be a chore when every bite causes a burst of pain.
Additionally, gums swollen by gingivitis can be more easily damaged by food as they have become more sensitive.
The pain may end up causing you to restrict yourself to a soft foods diet.
» Gingivitis Affects Your Teeth’s Alignment
As your gums pull away from your teeth, this will cause your teeth to loosen.
Gingivitis makes it more likely that you can lose one of your permanent teeth as the gums loosen around the tooth’s socket.
Another effect of your teeth loosening is that you may bite down and notice your teeth are no longer aligned.
As your gums peel away from your teeth, your teeth may shift around in their sockets and change your normal bite.
» Infection Can Become Periodontitis
Gingivitis is the first step in gum infection. It can be treated fairly easily and cause a manageable level of damage.
But if it goes untreated, it can develop into a more serious gum infection called peritonitis.
Periodontitis attacks the bone in your jaw, (the connective tissue holding your teeth in place)
And can provoke an inflammatory response throughout your entire body.
Total teeth loss is a result of an advanced case of periodontitis.
» Irritation of Teeth & Gums
Chiefly, in the early stages of gingivitis, your gums may be irritated but the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets.
The inflammation is reversible and no major damage has been done to the tissues and bone that surrounds the teeth.
In the end, the problem comes when gingivitis isn’t stopped in its tracks. If it continues for long enough then it may progress to become Periodontitis.
This is why it’s so important to visit your dentist for a full check-up and clean every 6-12 months (depending on your risk for tooth decay and gum disease).
That way, your dentist can remove all of that nasty plaque and calculus that’s above or below your gum line where your toothbrush can’t reach.
And keeping your gums and teeth as healthy as possible is the main mission here!
How Gingivitis Leads To Gum Disease
Notably, gingivitis occurs in 3 out of 4 of Kenyans during their lifetime, but with proper dental care early on, it’s easily reversed.
In reality, which is a major cause of tooth loss in adults.
Generally, other factors might increase your risk of gingivitis.
If some of the factors below apply to you, pay extra attention to your teeth and gum line.
Moreover, talk to your dentist and hygienist about what you can do.
In that case, to keep your mouth healthy and free from the gum disease.
Below are the Pros and Cons Associated with Gingivitis. Such as;
1. Smoking or Tobacco Use
Above all, this is one of the greatest risk factors associated with gum disease. And can lower the chances for successful treatment.
Research shows that smokers are seven times more likely to suffer from gum disease than people who don’t smoke.
2. Poor Oral Hygiene
Important to realize, if care is not taken to general hygiene, such as, not brushing or flossing regularly is one of several easily avoided causes of gingivitis.
3. Plaque Removal
You may be missing the plaque found around the gum line, even if the plaque on your teeth has been removed.
4. Stress Tiredness
Remarkably, stress is another one of many causes of gingivitis.
Constant stress can weaken your immune system and negatively impact your ability to fight infection, including gum disease.
5. Hormonal changes
As an illustration, some hormonal changes may bring about gingivitis.
Including, puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and monthly menstruation.
Not to mention, they cause increased sensitivity and inflammation in your gums.
Therefore, take extra care of your teeth and gums during these physiological changes to prevent gum disease.
6. Dietary & Poor Nutrition
Poor nutrition or dietary plan deprives the body of important nutrients and makes it more difficult for the body to fight infection, including gum disease.
In general, medication type for many conditions can affect oral health.
As soon as you discover some side effects, tell your dentist or hygienist. Particularly, if you take any prescription or over-the-counter medications.
8. Chronic Diseases
For one thing, some chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and HIV, impair the body’s ability to fight infection, including gum disease.
Most importantly, tell your dentist and hygienist if you have any medical conditions.
What is Plaque and Calculus in Gingivitis?
On one hand, Plaque is a colorless, sticky film made up of invisible masses of harmful bacteria.
Some of these bacteria cause tooth decay, and then there are different types of germs that cause gum disease.
It forms all day, every day from eating and drinking as the germs multiply in your mouth.
You are removing plaque every day when you brush and floss your teeth.
On the other hand, Calculus is hardened calcium deposits and dead germs stuck on your teeth.
Like barnacles on a boat can be white or stained dark, and you can’t clean it off by yourself.
When plaque builds up around the gums and isn’t cleaned off, it hardens over time.
With the help of calcium deposits from our saliva, this plaque turns into calculus.
Because calculus is rougher than tooth enamel, even more plaque grabs onto the calculus.
Once there is a new plaque on the calculus, it makes it super difficult for you to brush off.
Day by day, more plaque builds up and hardens over time and well – you get the idea!
The General Effects of Gingivitis to Our Body
At the end of the day, your body can only tolerate so much. After a certain amount of buildup, your gums get annoyed and throws a hissy fit.
Your immune system kicks in with an inflammatory response that tries to attack the germs in the plaque.
As a result, this leads to redness, swelling and bleeding gums around the tooth. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis.
So you can see, if plaque & calculus is left to fester on our teeth for long enough (ie if you don’t brush your teeth twice a day and visit the dentist regularly), it can cause some serious trouble.
Whether it be cavities or gum problems. If your gums are inflamed, red or tender and bleed, even with regular brushing, it means that there’s a significant build-up of plaque around your gum line.
For sure, bleeding gum is a signal; your immune system telling you to “Get it together!” This is a sign you need to up your oral hygiene game by brushing twice a day.
In addition, flossing every day and visiting your dentist for a professional scale and polish.
Gingivitis Treatment & Prevention Measures
If you have Gingivitis or think you might have gingivitis, we understand that you might have some anxiety around what to do about it.
But don’t worry; with the help of a various dentist, hygienist, and gingivitis experts, it is treatable and preventable.
With this in mind, treating and preventing gingivitis is all about eliminating as much plaque from your teeth and gums as possible.
Not forgetting, the best way to treat it is to catch it early.
This means brushing for 2 minutes twice a day, flossing daily and most definitely, visiting your dentist for a professional scale and clean when advised.
This will ensure your gums and teeth are always strong and healthy. And if there are nasties that pop up, at least it can be treated right away.
Make a dental appointment as soon as possible. Whereby, your hygienist will remove plaque or tartar (plaque that has hardened) from your teeth with special tools.
Important to realize, tartar can only be removed by a dental professional.
So, using oral care items rated for plaque removal helps reduce the amount of tartar needing removal during your dental visit.
As can be seen, especially from the above guide, Gingivitis is a pretty serious indication that your oral health is going to deteriorate.
Just the name of the gum inflammation makes some people uncomfortable, and it should.
When bacteria manages to sneak into space between gums and teeth, gingivitis disease is the result.
Even though, some people think gingivitis is just as a result of some gum tenderness. But, it is so much worse than that.
Some people think they had better stop brushing your teeth and gums when you get bleeding gums.
But you’ve got to keep on brushing as this will get rid of the bacteria and plaque that are causing the problem!
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Below, see more useful and other related topic links.
- Medical Health & Physical Fitness Awareness Guides
- Book an Appointment: Riverside Dental Care
- How Does Gum Disease Affect Your Overall Health?
- How to Fix Bleeding Gums – Method Dental
- Periodontal Disease: Causes And Prevention
Finally, below is an additional video on How to brush your teeth like never before.
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