Ebola Virus is a rare but deadly virus that causes fever, body aches, and diarrhea, and sometimes bleeding inside and outside the body. Whereas the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune system and organs.
Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. Important to realize, the Kivu Ebola outbreak began on 1 August 2018. In particular, after confirmation of four cases that had tested positive for the Virus in the Eastern region of DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo).
On one hand, Ebola Virus Disease (research) or simply Ebola, is a disease that affects humans and other primates. And caused by ebolaviruses. As a matter of fact, as of today, there is no cure or specific treatment. In particular, that is currently approved for market, treatment and has been primarily supportive in nature.
What is the Ebola Virus?
By definition, Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a Virus. Whereas there are five strains, and four of them can make someone sick.
After entering the body, it kills body cells, making some of them explode. In addition, it wrecks the immune system, causes heavy bleeding inside the body, and damages almost every organ. The virus is scary, but it’s also rare.
You can get it only from direct contact with an infected person’s body fluids. Such as blood, sweat, wee or even saliva. Important to realize, you can get infected by the Ebola virus through touching contaminated needles and or surfaces. However, Ebola isn’t as contagious as more common viruses like colds, influenza, or measles.
It spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, like a monkey, chimp, or fruit bat. Then it moves from person to person the same way. Those who care for a sick person or bury someone who has died from the disease often get it.
How Viral Fever infection happens
Notably, and as on the research records, the fever affiliated virus infection is one of the toping list deadliest killer diseases. Including, Marburg, Hantavirus, Lassa, Rabies, Smallpox, Dengue, and Influenza are among the world’s 8 Historically Terrifying Viruses.
According to the research conducted by the Mental Floss. You can be exposed to influenza and pass it on to your family within two of three days before you develop symptoms. With the viral fever infection that takes about two weeks and symptoms are present for a day or two before it’s highly contagious.
Important to realize, as the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune system and organs. Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. To say nothing of, this leads to severe, uncontrollable bleeding.
The disease was known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever but is now referred to as the Ebola virus. It kills up to 90% of people who are infected. On the other hand, you can’t get Ebola from the air, water, or food. A person who has Ebola but has no symptoms can’t spread the disease, either.
What Are the Symptoms of Ebola Virus?
How Is Ebola Diagnosed?
Sometimes it’s hard to tell if a person has Ebola from the symptoms alone. Doctors may test to rule out other diseases like cholera or malaria. Tests of blood and tissues also can diagnose Ebola. If you have Ebola, you’ll be isolated from the public immediately to prevent the spread.
The average Ebola survival rate is about 50 percent, according to the WHO (World Health Organization). But it varies greatly, in part because of the different medical resources available to treat different patients.
In past outbreaks, all of which have been in Africa, fatality rates ranged from 25 percent to 90 percent.
How Is Ebola Treated?
There’s no cure for this viral disease, though researchers are still working on it. Treatment includes an experimental serum that destroys infected cells. However, patients who survive infection with the virus often continue to face numerous health problems.
In general, approximately 11,000 people died in the outbreak that hit West Africa from 2014 to 2016. Whereas, tens of thousands more who were infected survived. Remarkably, doctors manage the symptoms of Ebola with treatment measures.
How can Ebola Virus be Prevented?
There’s no vaccine to prevent Ebola. The best way to avoid catching the disease is by not traveling to areas where the virus is found. If you are in areas where Ebola is present, avoid contact with bats, monkeys, chimpanzees, and gorillas since these animals spread Ebola to people.
Health care workers can prevent infection by wearing masks, gloves, and goggles whenever they come into contact with people who may have Ebola. On one hand, the virus and Marburg virus live in animal hosts, and humans can contract the viruses from infected animals.
On the other hand, after the initial transmission, the viruses can spread from person to person. Majorly, through contact with body fluids or contaminated needles. In general, no drug has been approved to treat either virus.
Whereby, people diagnosed with it or Marburg virus receive supportive care and treatment for complications. However, scientists are coming closer to developing vaccines for these deadly diseases.
How effective is the Ebola Vaccine?
The trial will continue to assess whether the vaccine is effective in creating herd immunity to the virus infection. In December 2016, a study found the VSV-EBOV vaccine to be 95-100% effective against the virus. Making it the first proven vaccine against the viral disease.
Moreover, the high immunity rates are the biological proof that populations have been in contact with the virus. In order to develop antibodies, these healthy carriers must have been exposed to the virus in the past. They report that they have never suffered from the disease or in any case, live in a non-epidemic area.
In conclusion, the loss of blood, along with organ failure, is what makes Ebola so deadly. But if doctors can keep the organs working with intravenous fluids, blood transfusions, a ventilator, and other treatments, there’s a much better chance they can save lives.
The infection moves fast and it can kill in 1 to 2 weeks. In addition to stringent standard precautions, additional isolation precautions (contact, droplet, airborne) should be adopted. Especially when caring for suspected or confirmed EVD cases with particular attention.
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