After completing his medical degree in 1964, Dr. Herbert Kleber spent two years working at the National Prison Hospital in Kentucky, where thousands of drug users were incarcerated. They were forced into “work therapy”, some had group therapy and very few were given individual therapy.
However, Kleber recognized the limitations of this approach. Whereby, 9 out of 10 patients relapsed within three months of leaving the facility. “I learned that the techniques used in treatment by then were not very effective. And that new approaches to treatment were desperately needed,” he later said in an interview.
At the time, addiction attracted little interest from researchers. Kleber set up a dedicated drug dependence unit at Yale University, Connecticut.
He was instrumental in pushing for evidence-based treatment and thereby, pioneering new approaches. Such as community-based treatment and methadone maintenance therapy for heroin addicts.
Who was Dr. Herbert Kleber?
Dr. Herbert Kleber was an American psychiatrist and substance abuse research expert who was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on June 19, 1934, and became a doctor at the encouragement of his father.
His mother raised bonds, while his father ran a family luggage business called “Kleber Trunk and Bag.” The business specialized in manufacturing soldiers’ footlockers during World War II.
Kleber’s father had trained to be a pharmacist earlier in his life, and he encouraged his son to take up medicine from an early age. And according to the Center on Addiction, his father pushed for him to attend Dartmouth College so he could study pre-med.
Much to his father’s chagrin, however, Kleber questioned his career path during his sophomore year and considered switching over to study literature and philosophy instead.
His father urged him to continue studying medicine for another year before officially changing paths. Ultimately, a psychology class inspired Kleber to remain pre-med, and he graduated from Dartmouth in 1956.
Kleber then enrolled in Jefferson Medical College, which is based out of Philadelphia. Whilst there, he was frequently teased by peers and faculty members for his desire to study psychology over “real medicine.”
What is Dr. Herbert Kleber celebrated for?
Surprisingly, Google Search Engine News as of 1st October 2019 had a special doodle in celebration of the life of Dr. Herbert Kleber. The pioneer of modern addiction treatment in the US. And also, an award-winning psychiatrist, medical doctor, and human rights advocate.
Through Google Doodle, he received honors on treatment through its Tuesday Doodle feature. Unfortunately, he died back in October 2018, and that’s why, today (October 1, 2019) marks the 23rd anniversary of his election to the National Academy of Medicine.
As can be seen, through Google Doodle, it’s a story of how a 1960’s “narcotic farm” shaped modern addiction treatment.
Therefore, with this in mind, October 1st would have been the 23rd anniversary of Kleber’s election to the National Academy of Medicine (NAM).
What is a Google Doodle?
To enumerate, a Google Doodle is a product of Google that appears temporarily on special occasions in place of Google’s permanent logo on the homepage. In the initial phase, Doodles were neither hyperlinked nor animated.
They are plain interactive images with hover-text describing the subject or expressing a holiday greeting.
For example, as can be seen, especially through Dr. Herbert Kleber today on Google’s Homepage. As well as Dr. Margaret Ogola’s Commemoration on Google Kenya Homepage (June 13, 2019).
How do you make your own Google Doodle?
- Download or print the entry form.
- Doodle: Artists create their doodles using any materials they want.
- Write Doodle description – Write an artist statement to tell us a bit more about what you have drawn and how it represents something that inspires you. …
- Submit: Enter the contest.
What does Dr. Herbert Kleber Google Doodle show?
In reality, Dr. Herbert Kleber authored more than 250 papers and numerous books on addiction and its treatments during his lifetime.
And of course, that’s one of the main reasons as to why the Doodle honoring Kleber was illustrated by in its simple and classic manner by a Massachusetts-based artist. As well as, an author of the graphic memoir Hey, Kiddo, Jarrett J Krosoczka.
Through the Artistic Illustration Image, it shows the doctor listening to a patient, who develops during her treatment. The OO at the center of the Google logo is made up of Dr. Kleber’s head and a picture on the wall of a brain.
What Did Dr. Herbert Kleber Accomplish?
Luckily, after completing his psychiatry training, Kleber began work at the Public Health Service Prison Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky.
While there, he saw many of the inmates treated for addiction relapse shortly after their release. But, who was he and what did he accomplish?
The Psychiatrist Dr. Herbert Kleber accomplished quite a lot in the field of modern medicine and health research.
During his time, he discovered new methods to treat individuals with heroin, cocaine, prescription, alcohol, or marijuana problems. Below is the breakdown of his lifetime achievements:
Kleber came to view addiction not as a moral failing, but as a condition that had to be treated with research, medication, and therapy.
In 1968, he founded the Drug Dependence Unit at Yale University, where he was a professor of psychiatry, and headed the unit until 1989.
He was then appointed Deputy Director for Demand Reduction at the Office of National Drug Control Policy, a department in the White House, by President George Bush Sr.
In 1992, he and his then-wife Marian Fischman co-founded the Substance Abuse Division at Columbia University.
As a matter of fact, it became one of the leading centers in the US for the treatment of substance abuse, with Kleber pioneering a number of projects. And especially, on new methods to treat addiction to cocaine, heroin, opioids, and alcohol.
Still, paying tribute to Kleber after his death, Columbia University said his work had led to a very long-lasting breakthrough. In particular, “a decreased demand for illegal drugs through programs in prevention, education, and treatment”.
According to Google Statement, during his 50-year career, Dr. Herbert Kleber also authored hundreds of articles, wrote important books, and mentored numerous other medical professionals in the field of addiction treatment.”
“A self-described ‘perpetual optimist,’ Dr. Kleber changed the landscape of addiction treatment. Allowing patients to be diagnosed and treated rather than shamed—and saving countless lives in the process.”
You can read and learn more about Dr. Herbert Kleber: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know
How NAM Celebrates Dr. Herbert Kleber
Form the National Academy Of Medicine Blog, as a physician working at the federal prison hospital in Lexington, Kentucky, Herb saw addiction not as a moral failing, but as a medical problem he wanted to solve through science.
Helping addicts to overcome addiction through research and treatment became Herb’s lifelong passion. For instance, he wanted first-hand knowledge about the effectiveness of treatments.
By the same token, his passionate desire to help addicts overcome their addiction led him to have a small number of individual patients throughout his entire career. And not forgetting, sometimes treating for free those who could not pay.
Dr. Margaret Ogola is also Honoured
On the other hand, Google Doodle bearing the image of Dr. Margaret Ogola appeared on Google’s homepage in Kenya too on June 1st, 2019. And as a matter of fact, it coincided with what would have been the late author’s 60th birthday.
It’s important to realize that; Dr. Margaret A Ogola is best known for her novel, The River and the Source. Of course, which was a set book in KCSE from 1999 to 2004.
Not forgetting, the novel won the 1995 Commonwealth Writers’ Prize best first book in the Africa Region, and the Jomo Kenyatta Prize for Literature the same year. You can read and learn more about The life of Dr. Margaret A Ogola.
As far as I am concerned, Google Doodles have been a reputable tool in bringing awareness to the general public on various notable celebrities.
In fact, doodles are so important to Google that they even got a patent for them. Not only did the Doodles start as a small thing, but they have grown into an integral part of how we think of Google.
For one thing, they make them a company we see as fun. And for sure, we think of them as interesting, intelligent people doing interesting, intelligent things.
In the end, by taking the time to talk about something other than us, we can actually reveal far more about ourselves. And if people like what they hear, they’ll like us too.
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