Coronavirus | Main Causes, Symptoms, Risks & Treatment

Unlike the new Novel Coronavirus, the main Coronavirus was first identified in the 1960s, but to date, we still don’t know where it comes from. Whereby, it gets its name from its crown-like shape.

Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans. And having said that, on 31 December 2019, WHO was alerted to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China.

The virus did not match any other known virus. However, this raised concerns because when a virus is new, we do not know how it affects people.

Novel Coronavirus
Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) – (WHO International)

One week later, on 7 January, Chinese authorities confirmed that they had identified a new virus. And in that case, the new virus is a Novel Coronavirus.

For your information, Coronavirus is a family of viruses that include the common cold, and other viruses. Such as SARS and MERS. Eventually, this new virus was temporarily named “2019-nCoV.”

What are Viruses?

By definition, A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. Equally important, viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms. Including bacteria and archaea.

Read Also About Historic Terrifying Viruses Pending Threat To Humanity.

Specifically, a special hormone called interferon is produced by the body when viruses are present. And this stops the viruses from reproducing by killing the infected cell and its close neighbors. Inside cells, there are enzymes that destroy the RNA of viruses. Some blood cells engulf and destroy other virus-infected cells.

Coronavirus
Coronavirus death toll in China hits 41 as medical staff struggle to cope – (CNN News)

Approaches to treat or prevent viral infections exist, but to cure. Whereas an existing infection of this type means permanently altering the viral DNA hidden in human cells. However, “These treatments cause the viruses to go latent or silent. But they don’t remove the virus from your body.

Furthermore, another possible treatment depends on the type of virus causing the infection. The effects will last as long as the virus affects the body. Most viral infections last from several days to 2 weeks. Mononucleosis may last longer.

What is Coronavirus?

Since Coronaviruses are enveloped, they include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle-Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS), Wuhan Coronavirus (Novel Coronavirus), etc.

And as can be seen, from the illustration video tutorial below, a Coronavirus (CoV) is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus.

Please Note: The information in this video is for educational purposes only, and not to provide medical advice. And if you have any symptoms, please talk to your doctor.

And with this in mind, there was a recent outbreak (epidemic) of Coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The new virus has been called Wuhan Virus, Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan Seafood Market Pneumonia Virus, and 2019 nCoV.

For more news and updates on the same, therefore, stay up to date (on this blog) or even by frequently keep checking on the website of the World Health Organization.

What is Novel Coronavirus?

According to WHO, by definition, the new Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus (more specifically, a coronavirus) identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness.

Particularly, first detected in Wuhan, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak in Wuhan, China reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market.

Suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets. Indicating person-to-person spread is occurring.

Here is What you Should Know about the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people.  After all, the latest situation summary updates are available on CDC’s web page 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China.

But, it is important to realize, some types of them are serious, though. So far, about 858 people have died from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Surprisingly, which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia. And then in other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe.

And by all means, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness that is new to humans. Though it was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, it has since spread to several other countries. Including the United States.

Most people infected with MERS-CoV developed severe respiratory illness, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Not to mention, many of them have died.

Countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula that have reported MERS cases include:
  • Bahrain,
  • Iran,
  • Jordan,
  • Kuwait,
  • Lebanon,
  • Oman,
  • Qatar,
  • Saudi Arabia,
  • United Arab Emirates (UAE), and
  • Yemen.
Countries outside of the Arabian Peninsula with travel-associated MERS cases:
  • Algeria,
  • Austria,
  • China,
  • Egypt,
  • France,
  • Germany,
  • Greece,
  • Italy,
  • Malaysia,
  • Netherlands,
  • Philippines,
  • The Republic of Korea,
  • Thailand, Tunisia,
  • Turkey,
  • United Kingdom (UK), and
  • the United States of America (USA).

Even when a coronavirus causes MERS or SARS in other countries, the kind of coronavirus infection common in the U.S. isn’t a serious threat for an otherwise healthy adult.

What do we know about Coronavirus?

Basically, the new Novel Coronavirus is a kind of common virus that causes an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat.

But, most coronaviruses are not dangerous. And below is more details of what we know;

  • The human toll: More than 50 people are dead — all in China — as the Wuhan Coronavirus continues to spread throughout Asia and the rest of the world. Over 2,000 cases have been confirmed in mainland China.
  • Global spread: More than 40 confirmed cases have been identified in 13 places outside mainland China. And nearly 60 million people have been affected by Beijing’s attempts to either partially or fully lockdown affected cities.
  • Contagious before symptoms: People can spread the virus before symptoms show, China’s health minister said Sunday, which would make it harder to contain.
  • ‘Paramount importance’: President Xi Jinping said China is facing a grave situation over the rapidly spreading epidemic of the deadly new coronavirus.

WHO has been working with Chinese authorities and global experts from the day of the first information share. Especially, to learn more about the virus. As well as, how it affects the people who are sick with it. And finally, how they can be treated, and what countries can do to respond.

Which are the Symptoms of Coronavirus?

First, the symptoms of most coronaviruses are similar to any other upper respiratory infection. Including running nosecoughingsore throat, and sometimes a fever.

In most cases, you won’t even know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.

Coronavirus

Secondly, you could get lab tests, including nose or throat swab culture and blood work, to find out whether your cold was caused by a coronavirus. But, there’s no reason to. The test results wouldn’t change how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days.

Finally, if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia. Especially in older people, people with heart disease, or people with weakened immune systems.

What should I do about Coronavirus?

Simply put, because this is a coronavirus, which usually causes respiratory illness, WHO has advised people on that. In general, on how to protect themselves and those around them from getting the disease.

In April 2014, the first American was hospitalized for MERS in Indiana and another case was reported in Florida. Both had just returned from Saudi Arabia.

In May 2015, there was an outbreak of MERS in Korea, which was the largest outbreak outside of the Arabian Peninsula. However, in 2003, 774 people died from a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak.

As of 2015, there were no further reports of cases of SARS. Where MERS and SARS are some of the common types of coronaviruses.

Is there a Cure for Coronavirus?

Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do (meaning, through infected people coughing and sneezing).

Or even, by touching an infected person’s hands or face. As well as, by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.

Always remember, almost everyone gets a coronavirus infection at least once in their life, most likely as a young child. And for instance, in the United States, coronaviruses are more common in the fall and winter. But, anyone can come down with a coronavirus infection at any time.

Currently, there is no vaccine for coronavirus! But;

To help prevent infection, here are similar things to do to while avoiding the common cold:

You treat a Coronavirus infection the same ways you treat a cold:

A humidifier or steamy shower can also help ease a sore and scratchy throat. But of course, if you get sick, treat your symptoms and contact a doctor if they get worse or don’t go away.

But also, don’t give aspirin to children or teens younger than 19; use ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead.

Takeaway,

As an example, most Historic Terrifying Viruses can be either beneficial (the symbionts) or, at least, harmless (passenger viruses).

Wikipedia defines a passenger virus as a “virus that is frequently found in samples from diseased tissue. Such as tumors but, does not contribute to causing the disease.

Molecular biologist Peter H. Duesberg, Ph.D. at the University of California in Berkeley describes passenger viruses as “fossils” of viruses that caused infections long ago and were killed by the immune system.

Old pathogenic viruses leave behind fossils, or traces, of their DNA in the cells where they replicated. These fossils, according to Dr. Duesberg play no role, either good or bad. They’re just dead.

Resources;

Finally, I hope you’ve enjoyed reading and have understood more about Coronavirus. And if this Research Blog was helpful to you, please don’t forget to Subscribe for more updates direct to your email address. Or even share with others on your social networks.

Besides, if you’ll have additional contributions, suggestions or even questions, please feel free to Contact Us. And by the same token, you can share your thoughts with other readers in the comments box below this article.

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