Unlike the new Novel Coronavirus, the main Coronavirus was first identified in the 1960s, but to date, we still don’t know where it comes from. Whereby, it gets its name from its crown-like shape. Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans. The virus did not match any other known virus.
However, this raised concerns because when a virus is new, we do not know how it affects people. And having said that, on 31 December 2019, WHO was alerted to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. One week later, on 7 January, Chinese authorities confirmed that they had identified a new virus.
And in that case, the new virus is a Novel Coronavirus. For your information, Coronavirus is a family of viruses that include the common cold, and other viruses. Such as SARS and MERS. Eventually, this new virus was temporarily named “2019-nCoV.” Stay aware by regularly checking updates from WHO and national or local public health authorities.
By definition, A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. Equally, viruses can infect all types of life forms — animals and plants — even microorganisms like bacteria and archaea. Specifically, a special hormone called interferon is produced by the body when viruses are present.
And this stops the viruses from reproducing by killing the infected cell and its close neighbors. Inside cells, there are enzymes that destroy the RNA of viruses. Some blood cells engulf and destroy other virus-infected cells. Approaches to treat or prevent viral infections exist, but to cure. An existing infection of this type means permanently altering the viral DNA.
Something that is hidden in almost all humans, animals, and even plant cells. However, there are some treatments that cause the viruses to go latent or silent. But, they don’t remove the virus from your body. Furthermore, another possible treatment depends on the type of virus causing the infection. The effects will last as long as the virus affects the body.
Most viral infections last from several days to 2 weeks. Mononucleosis may last longer. The same case applies to Coronavirus as we’ll discuss in detail below.
What Is Coronavirus?
Since Coronaviruses are enveloped, they include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle-Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS), Wuhan Coronavirus (Novel Coronavirus), etc. For more news and updates on the same, therefore, stay up to date (on this blog) or even frequently keep checking the website of the World Health Organization.
With this in mind, there was a recent outbreak (epidemic) of Coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The new virus has been called Wuhan Virus, Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan Seafood Market Pneumonia Virus, and 2019 nCoV. And now, as can be seen, from the illustration video tutorial below, a Coronavirus (CoV) is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus.
Please Note: The information in this video is for educational purposes only, and not to provide medical advice. And if you have any symptoms, please talk to your doctor.
According to WHO, by definition, the new Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus (more specifically, a coronavirus) identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness. Particularly, first detected in Wuhan, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak in Wuhan, China reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market.
Suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets. Indicating person-to-person spread is occurring. At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people. After all, the latest situation summary updates are available on CDC’s web page.
More so, about the 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China as in this case. But, it is important to realize, that some types of them are serious, though. So far, about 858 people have died from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Surprisingly, which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia. And then in other countries in the Middle East.
As well as in Africa, Asia, and Europe. And by all means, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness that is new to humans. Though it was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, it has since spread to several other countries. Including the United States.
Most people infected with MERS-CoV developed severe respiratory illnesses, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Not to mention, many of them have died. There are many countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula that have reported MERS cases. Not forgetting, those countries outside of the Arabian Peninsula with travel-associated MERS too.
In Arabian Peninsula:
- Saudi Arabia,
- United Arab Emirates (UAE), and
Outside Arabian Peninsula:
- The Republic of Korea,
- Thailand, Tunisia,
- United Kingdom (UK), and
- the United States of America (USA).
Even when a coronavirus causes MERS or SARS in other countries, the kind of coronavirus infection common in the U.S. isn’t a serious threat to an otherwise healthy adult. Basically, the new Novel Coronavirus is a kind of common virus that causes an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. But, most coronaviruses are not dangerous.
- The human toll: More than 50 people are dead — all in China — as the Wuhan Coronavirus continues to spread throughout Asia and the rest of the world. Over 2,000 cases have been confirmed in mainland China.
- Global spread: More than 40 confirmed cases have been identified in 13 places outside mainland China. And nearly 60 million people have been affected by Beijing’s attempts to either partially or fully lockdown affected cities.
- Contagious before symptoms: People can spread the virus before symptoms show, China’s health minister said Sunday, which would make it harder to contain.
- ‘Paramount importance’: President Xi Jinping said China is facing a grave situation over the rapidly spreading epidemic of the deadly new coronavirus.
WHO has been working with Chinese authorities and global experts from the day of the first information share. Especially, to learn more about the virus. As well as, how it affects the people who are sick with it. And finally, how they can be treated, and what countries can do to respond.
The Main Coronavirus Signs And Symptoms
First, the symptoms of most coronaviruses are similar to any other upper respiratory infection. Including running nose, coughing, sore throat, and sometimes a fever. In most cases, you won’t even know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.
Secondly, you could get lab tests, including a nose or throat swab culture and blood work, to find out whether your cold was caused by a coronavirus. But, there’s no reason to. The test results wouldn’t change how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days.
Finally, if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia. Especially in older people, people with heart disease, or people with weakened immune systems.
A Few Things To Do About Coronavirus
Simply put, because this is a coronavirus, which usually causes respiratory illness, WHO has advised people on that. In general, on how to protect themselves and those around them from getting the disease. In April 2014, the first American was hospitalized for MERS in Indiana and another case was reported in Florida. Both had just returned from Saudi Arabia.
In May 2015, there was an outbreak of MERS in Korea, which was the largest outbreak outside of the Arabian Peninsula. However, in 2003, 774 people died from a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak. As of 2015, there were no further reports of cases of SARS. Where MERS and SARS are some of the common types of coronaviruses.
If you feel unwell, here’s what to do.
- If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately. Call by telephone first and follow the directions of your local health authority.
- Know the full range of symptoms of COVID-19. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, tiredness, and loss of taste or smell. Less common symptoms include aches and pains, headache, sore throat, red or irritated eyes, diarrhea, and a skin rash or discoloration of fingers or toes.
- Stay home and self-isolate for 10 days from symptom onset, plus three days after symptoms cease. Call your health care provider or hotline for advice. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house or have someone near you, wear a properly fitted mask to avoid infecting others.
You should also try and keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources. Such as WHO or your local and national health authorities. Local and national authorities and public health units are also best placed here. More so, to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.
Is There A Cure For Coronavirus?
Most Coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do (meaning, through infected people coughing and sneezing). Or even, by touching an infected person’s hands or face. As well as, by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.
Always remember, almost everyone gets a coronavirus infection at least once in their life, most likely as a young child. And for instance, in the United States, coronaviruses are more common in the fall and winter. But, anyone can come down with a coronavirus infection at any time. Currently, there is no vaccine for coronavirus!
But, to help prevent infection, there are similar such as those things to do while avoiding the common cold in regards to this Coronavirus. No to mention, although not fully, you treat some common Coronavirus infection signs the same ways you treat a cold to make sure that the effects are not deadly.
Consider the following preventive measures:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Keep your hands and fingers away from your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Avoid close contact with people who are infected.
For some home-based Coronavirus remedies:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink enough fluids or water.
- Take over-the-counter medicine for a sore throat and fever.
A humidifier or steamy shower can also help ease a sore and scratchy throat. But of course, if you get sick, treat your symptoms and contact a doctor if they get worse or don’t go away. But also, don’t give aspirin to children or teens younger than 19; use ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead. That said, below are other ways to stay safe.
1. Be Safe And Keep Good Hygiene
The risks of getting COVID-19 are higher in crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces where infected people spend long periods of time together in close proximity.
Outbreaks have been reported in places where people have gathered, often in crowded indoor settings and where they talk loudly, shout, breathe heavily, or sing such as restaurants, choir practices, fitness classes, nightclubs, offices, and places of worship.
To make your environment as safe as possible:
- Avoid the 3Cs: spaces that are closed, crowded, or involve close contact.
- Meet people outside. Outdoor gatherings are safer than indoor ones, particularly if indoor spaces are small and without outdoor air coming in.
- If you can’t avoid crowded or indoor settings, take these precautions:
- Open a window to increase the amount of natural ventilation when indoors.
- Wear a mask (see above for more details).
To ensure good hygiene you should:
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with either an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water. This eliminates germs that may be on your hands, including viruses.
- Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Dispose of the used tissue immediately into a closed bin and wash your hands.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces frequently, especially those which are regularly touched, such as door handles, faucets, and phone screens.
NB: By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses that cause colds, flu, and COVID-19.
2. Wear A Face Mask
CDC recommends wearing a Face Mask (or rather Cloth Face Coverings) in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain. Like grocery stores and pharmacies, especially in areas of significant community-based transmission. It also advises the use of simple face mask coverings to slow the spread of Coronavirus.
As well as to help people who may have COVID-19 and do not know it from transmitting it to others. Cloth face coverings fashioned from household items or made at home from common materials at low cost can be used as an additional, voluntary public health measure. But, it’s good that you know how to wear your mask properly.
To properly wear your mask:
- Make sure your mask covers your nose, mouth, and chin.
- Clean your hands before you put your mask on, before and after you take it off, and after you touch it at any time.
- When you take off your mask, store it in a clean plastic bag, and every day either wash it if it’s a fabric mask or dispose of it in a trash bin if it’s a medical mask.
- Don’t use masks with valves.
Learn more about face masks:
- When and how to wear masks
- Questions and answers about children and masks
- Guidance for decision-makers and health workers
As a precaution, face masks should not be placed on young children under age 2. As well as, anyone who has trouble breathing, is unconscious, or incapacitated. Or otherwise, anyone who is unable to remove the mask without assistance. For your information, the face mask coverings recommended are neither surgical masks nor N-95 respirators.
3. Consider A Hand Washing Practice
Handwashing, also known as hand hygiene, is the act of cleaning hands for the purpose of removing soil, dirt, grease, and microorganisms while especially using a hand sanitizer. Through proper Handwashing practices, keeping your hands clean is one of the most important steps we can take to avoid getting sick. As well as spreading germs (like COVID-19) to others.
Many diseases and conditions are spread by not handwashing with soap and clean, running water. For instance, one of the common sources of germs like salmonella, E. coli O157, and norovirus are feces (poop) from people or animals. Not forgetting, that causes diarrhea, and can spread some very common respiratory infections.
Including but not limited to the likes of adenovirus and hand-foot-mouth disease. Bearing in mind, these kinds of germs can get onto hands after people use the toilet or change a diaper, but also in less obvious ways.
Like after handling raw meats that have invisible amounts of animal poop on them. A single gram of human feces — which is about the weight of a paper clip — can contain one trillion germs. In addition, germs can also get onto hands if people touch any object that has germs on it because someone coughed or sneezed on it.
Or rather, if it was touched by some other contaminated object. When these germs get onto hands and are not washed off, they can be passed from person to person and make people sick.
4. Make Use Of A Hand Sanitizer
Yes! Of course, you’ll agree that aside from COVID-19 (Coronavirus), the next talk of the town is a Hand Sanitizer. Bearing in mind, the hand sanitizers on Amazon were overpriced. And as for the past weekend, at Walmart, they were completely sold out. Only on my third try was I able to find the clear gel — at a Walgreens, where only three bottles of Purell were left.
I bought two. Meaning, that hand sanitizer is a hot commodity right now. We all know the advice: Wash your hands often with soap and water to prevent the spread of the Coronavirus. When you can’t, use hand sanitizer. But actually finding hand sanitizer anywhere is another story. Bottles of Purell and other sanitizers are few and far between on store shelves.
And if you do manage to come across a solution with at least 60% alcohol, chances are it has a hefty price tag. According to Britannica, hand sanitizer, also called hand antiseptic, or hand rub, is an agent applied to the hands for the purpose of removing common pathogens (disease-causing organisms).
Hand sanitizers typically come in foam, gel, or liquid form. Their use is recommended when soap and water are not available for handwashing. Or when repeated hand washing compromises the natural skin barrier. For example, causing scaling or fissures to develop in the skin.
Although the effectiveness of hand sanitizer is variable, it is employed as a simple means of infection control in a wide variety of settings. From day-care centers and schools to hospitals and health care clinics and from supermarkets to cruise ships. Depending on the active ingredient used, hand sanitizers can be alcohol-based or alcohol-free.
5. Self Quarantine If You Notice Any Signs
Technically, before even the Corona Pandemic hit us, the Practice of Self Quarantine, as we know it, began during the 14th century in an effort to protect coastal cities from Plagues and Epidemics. For instance, ships arriving in Venice from infected ports were required to sit at anchor for 40 days before landing.
This practice, called quarantine, was derived from the Italian word Quaranta Giorni which means 40 days. Under its delegated authority, any National Quarantine Division is empowered to carry on with the best isolation methods. Just like to detain, medically examine, or conditionally release individuals and wildlife suspected of carrying a communicable disease.
In general, under individual levels, Self Isolation and Self Quarantine help protect the public by preventing exposure to people who have or may have a contagious disease.
So to speak; you can consider these two key terms:
- Isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.
- Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.
Often, if you’re not in official self-quarantine but forced to stay home because your company or university has shut down, taking a walk in the fresh air is always a good idea. For example, take a leisurely stroll along the lake, neighborhood, or a hike through other unfamiliar landscapes. You can learn more about what Self Quarantine is all about in detail.
6. Get A COVID-19 Vaccines Jab
To understand how COVID-19 vaccines work, it helps to first look at how our bodies fight illness. When germs, such as the virus that causes COVID-19, invade our bodies, they attack and multiply. This invasion, called an infection, is what causes illness. The same case applies to COVID-19, and that’s why it’s important to stay cautious.
Additionally, COVID-19 vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way. Both mRNA and viral vector COVID-19 vaccines deliver instructions (genetic material) to our cells to start building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. In this article, we’ll look into details of how COVID-19 Vaccines work.
The good news is that; the COVID-19 vaccines material never enters the nucleus of the cell — which is where our DNA is kept. Equally important, none of the authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines cause you to test positive on viral tests — which are used to see if you have a current infection.
Basically, the COVID-19 vaccine introduction toolbox equips all countries to prepare for and implement COVID-19 vaccination by providing guidance, tools, and training. This toolbox is intended to support Ministries of Health, health workers, partner organizations, and other stakeholders. Learn more about what COVID-19 Vaccines are in detail.
To protect yourself and those around you:
- Get vaccinated as soon as it’s your turn and follow local guidance on vaccination.
- Keep a physical distance of at least 1 meter from others, even if they don’t appear to be sick. Avoid crowds and close contact.
- Wear a properly fitted mask when physical distancing is not possible and in poorly ventilated settings.
- Clean your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Dispose of used tissues immediately and clean hands regularly.
In addition to the above measures, if you develop symptoms or test positive for COVID-19, self-isolate until you recover.
Influenza, commonly known as the “Flu,” is an extremely contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses. In addition, it appears most frequently in winter and early spring. The flu virus attacks the body by spreading through the upper and/or lower respiratory tract. And although flu and the common cold share many symptoms, they are different.
As an example, most Historic Terrifying Viruses can be either beneficial (the symbionts) or, at least, harmless (passenger viruses). Wikipedia defines a passenger virus as a “virus that is frequently found in samples from diseased tissue. Such as tumors but, do not contribute to causing the disease.
Molecular biologist Peter H. Duesberg, Ph.D. describes passenger viruses as “fossils” of viruses that caused infections long ago and were killed by the immune system. Old pathogenic viruses leave behind fossils, or traces, of their DNA in the cells where they replicated. These fossils play no role, either good or bad. They’re just dead.
More Related Resource Topics:
- Flu Prevention | 5 Practical Tips To Avoid Common Cold
- Face Mask | How To Make It, Wear It & Remove It Rightly
- How To Break A Daily Routine During A Self Isolation Period
- Quarantine | How Is It Different From A Self Isolation Period?
Finally, we hope that you’ve enjoyed reading and have understood more about Coronavirus and some common home remedies you can consider. So, if this Research Blog was helpful to you, please don’t forget to subscribe for more updates direct to your email address. Or even share with others on your social networks.
Besides, if you’ll have additional contributions, suggestions, or even questions, please feel free to Contact Us and let us know. And by the same token, you can share your thoughts with other readers in our comments section below this article. Or even share this guideline with other online and web readers like you for free.