Red Wine and its Benefits
As an illustration, Red wine has been attracting attention lately as a salubrious product. Moreover, moderate consumption of red wine is linked to a lesser risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Exemplary, it is a phenomenon known as the French paradox. Notably, the French communities are surrounded by diets with a high content of butter, cheese, and other rich fats. However, the level of the diseases of the heart and vessels is considerably low. Surprisingly, it has to do with the habit of drinking red wine during meals and ceremonies.
Like gravity, microwaves, and Westworld, red wine is something that most people enjoy, even if they don’t really understand it. It’s easy to drink red wine (obviously), but — even if you are embarrassed to admit it — there’s a contingency of wine drinkers who wouldn’t be able to tell the difference between a Merlot and a Malbec. Learn more about Every Major Type of Red Wine Explained for you.[caption id="attachment_15904" align="aligncenter" width="1940"]
Exclusively, not all red wines are made the same. In fact, some wines have significantly higher levels of “good for you stuff” than others (condensed tannins–see above). For example, Cabernet Sauvignon has more condensed tannins than Pinot Noir, but both wines have much less than Tannat, Petite Sirah, or Sagrantino.
While it’s rather difficult to determine which wines are best (exactly), here are some clues:
- Dry red wines are better than sweet wines.
- Red wines with a lower alcohol (preferably below 13% ABV) are better than high alcohol wines
- Red wines with higher tannin (those that are more astringent) are better than low tannin wines.
Tanin is the Key Element
Pretty much everything in wine that’s not alcohol or water is a type of polyphenol. Whereas Polyphenols include tannin, color pigment, wine aromas, resveratrol, and about 5,000 other plant compounds. The color in wine comes from a plant pigment called anthocyanin, which is found in the skins of red grapes.[caption id="attachment_15906" align="aligncenter" width="1170"] As an illustration, the red wine color becomes less intense as wine ages. On the contrary, very old wines are pale and translucent in color.[/caption]
Of these polyphenols, the most abundant in wine for health reasons are Procyanidins. Especially which are a type of condensed tannin also found in green tea and dark chocolate. This compound is specifically associated with inhibiting cholesterol plaque in blood vessels, which is highly beneficial to heart health and longevity.
Red Wine Research
As an example, researchers from the Johns Hopkins University report one more of red wine’s good qualities. They discovered a way to protect the brain from after-stroke damage through red wine. Sylvain Doré, Ph.D. (an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine and pharmacology and molecular sciences) at the Johns Hopkins School of medicine says his research reveals that wine is salubrious for the brain.
Resveratrol, a compound found in the skin and seeds of red grapes, increases the level of the heme oxygenase enzyme. This enzyme protects the nerve cells of the brain from stroke damage and prevents neurons from dying. Resveratrol doesn’t function directly, it cannot protect the brain cells from free radicals, but it stimulates the cells into protecting themselves.
Varieties of Red Wine
To enumerate, Syrah, Cabernet, Zinfandel, Pinot Noir are Red Grape under the group of Vitis Vinifera Varieties. If only one variety (Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon) is mentioned on the label, then the wine is called varietal and is named after the grape with a capital initial (Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon). Varietal wines primarily show the fruit: how the wine tastes much depends on the grape variety.Generally speaking, there are certainly other species used for wine (there are some 65-70 Vitis species). But they are rarely used especially for winemaking purposes. See the full list of Types of Red Wines through the French Scout Website Article.
Red Wine & Food Pairings
For instance, Red wine’s diverse styles and structure make it the ideal choice for the dinner table. Red wine has a firmer structure than typical white and rosé wines supporting it when coming up against strong flavors. Steak and Cabernet is the tried and true pairing, fuller-bodied red wines in general pair well with denser, heavier foods, while lighter bodied reds with high acidity pair well with lighter fare, like roasted chicken and vegetable dishes.[caption id="attachment_15905" align="aligncenter" width="1440"] Matching the weight of the wine with the richness of the food leads to successful and harmonious pairings.[/caption]
The old adage, “what grows together, goes together” holds true as well. For example, traditional tomato sauce Italian dishes pair well with the high-acid red wines of Chianti. In general, a region’s wine will pair well with the food and lifestyle of the area.
Red Wine Storage
As can be seen, Red wine is heralded for its ageability. However, it’s optimal for wine to age to its full potential. Remarkably, for the red wine storage, there are a variety of factors to consider. Including, temperature, light, and humidity. In general, red wines should be stored at about 55° Fahrenheit. Of course, which is 10° Fahrenheit below the ideal serving temperature.
In particular, wines stored too warm will accelerate the aging process. While wines stored in hot temperatures, above 75° Fahrenheit can be “cooked.” Of course, making the fruit flavors characteristics to turn mushy and baked. On one hand, a red wine stored too cold can also damage the wine. But is generally not as dangerous as overheating the wine. On the other hand, low temperatures slow down the aging process. However, if your wine doesn’t freeze, there likely won’t be any extensive damage.[caption id="attachment_15907" align="aligncenter" width="1000"] Colder temperatures, like a 40° Fahrenheit refrigerator, are fine for short-term storage. Above is a Photo of the Wine Storage Unit.[/caption]
Wines that freeze pose their own problems. As the liquid freezes, it expands and can push the cork out, compromising the wine, or worse, cracking the bottle. While small changes in temperature are safe, it’s important to keep your wines at the most consistent temperature possible.
Red Wine Packaging
Ultimately, red wines are bottled in green or brown tinted bottles to protect them from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. Meaning, the light-bodied wines are at a greater risk of being spoiled by light than full-bodied wines. But it’s best to avoid any long-term exposure to light, both natural and artificial.
Notably, the ultraviolet rays can break down compounds in the wine causing it to age more rapidly. Important to realize, light carries damaging heat as well. A delicate balance of humidity is also vital to red wine storage.[caption id="attachment_15908" align="aligncenter" width="1650"] Wines kept in a dry environment put the cork at risk. Whereas if the cork dries out it can shrink and allow oxygen to seep into the bottle or wine to leak out.[/caption]
Red Wine Supplements
Doré warns against using resveratrol additives that are available as those of vitamins and minerals. Therefore one will be better off with a moderate intake of natural red wine and red grapes. Who said your red wine consumption had to be limited to the glass? You can include the drink in your dinner, either as a sauce (in which case we suggest our yummy DIY red wine sauce) or complimentary ingredient, and still reap its benefits.
Other usefulness of a Red Wine Drink
Lowers Cholesterol Levels
On top of lowering bad cholesterol, polyphenols, the antioxidants in red wine can help keep blood vessels flexible. And also help them reduce the risk of unwanted clotting, says John Folts, Ph.D. Who is a professor of cardiovascular medicine and nutrition at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Blood Sugar Lever Regulation
The skin of red grapes—a rich source of red wine’s natural compound resveratrol—may actually help diabetics regulate their blood sugar, finds recent research published in the journal Nutrition. Clearly, resveratrol is a bit of a limelight hog when it comes to the healthful compounds in vino.
But research in the Journal of Biological Chemistry suggests piceatannol, the chemical compound our bodies convert from resveratrol, deserves some credit. Why? Researchers say that piceatannol binds to the insulin receptors of fat cells. Essentially blocking the pathways necessary for immature fat cells to mature and grow.
Add Red Wine to your list of Anti-detox
If you hate getting sick (and who doesn’t?), the antioxidants in red wine may help keep you healthy. Moreover, a 2010 study in the American Journal of Epidemiology found that common cold is uncommon to those taking more than 14 glasses of wine in a week. Whereas among 4,000 faculty members at five Spanish universities were the test subjects.
To clarify, those who drank more than 14 weekly glasses of wine for a year were 40% less likely to come down with a common cold. Why? According to the National Institutes of Health, antioxidants are believed to fight infection. And also protect cells against the effects of free radicals, which may play role in cancer and other diseases.
Important to realize that; acute smoking significantly impairs vessels’ natural ability to relax, or vasodilate. However, red wine, with or without alcohol, decreases the harmful effect of smoking on the endothelium. Whereas endothelium is a layer of cells that provide a friction-reducing lining in lymph vessels, blood vessels, and the heart.
In conclusion, it might come as a surprise, but several human trial studies have shown moderate red wine consumption to be better for you than not drinking at all. Why? The antioxidants found in red wine lower incidences of cardiovascular disease, mortality, and type-2 diabetes. So, do yourself a favor, drink red wine in moderation. See more related Medical Health Wellness & Physical Fitness Blog Posts.