If you want to install networking on a computer, you must install TCP/IP networking and a network adapter. Windows Server 2008 uses TCP/IP as the default wide area network (WAN) protocol. Normally, networking is installed during Windows Server 2008 setup. You can also install TCP/IP networking through local area connection properties. Although name resolution can be performed using DNS, WINS, or LLMNR, the preferred technique on Windows Server 2008 domains is DNS.When you need 100% connection to your other computers in your office a wired network is the answer. Unlike a wireless network, a wired network is always on and is not affected by interferences from other devices.
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Preparing for installation of TCP/IP networking
Before you can configure TCP/IP networking on individual computers, you need the following information:
- Domain name. The name of the domain in which the computer will be located. This can be a parent or a child domain.
- IP address type, value, or both. The IP address information to assign to the computer, which can include both IPv4 and IPv6 addressing details.
- Subnet mask. The subnet mask for the IPv4 network to which the computer is attached.
- Subnet prefix length. The subnet prefix length for the IPv6 network to which the computer is attached.
- The default gateway address. The address of the router or routers that will function as the computer’s gateway.
- DNS server address. The address of the DNS server or servers that provide DNS name resolution services on the network.
- WINS server address. The address of the WINS server or servers that provide WINS name resolution services on the network.
If you are unsure of any of this information, you should ask the IT staff. In many cases, even if you are an administrator, there is a specific person you must ask for the IP address setup that should be used. Typically, this is your organization’s network administrator and it is that person’s job to maintain the spreadsheet or database that shows how IP addresses are assigned within the organization.If no one in your organization has this role yet, this role should be assigned to someone or jointly managed to ensure that IP addresses are assigned following a specific plan. The plan should detail the following information:
- The address ranges that are reserved for network equipment and hardware and which individual IP addresses in this range are currently in use
- The address ranges that are reserved for DHCP and as such cannot be assigned using a static IP address
- The address ranges that are for static IP addresses and which individual IP addresses in this range are currently in use
Network adapters are hardware devices that are used to communicate on networks. You can install and configure network adapters by following these steps:
- Configure the network adapter following the manufacturer’s instructions. For example, you might need to use the software provided by the manufacturer to modify the Interrupt setting or the Port setting of the adapter.
- If installing an internal network interface card, shut down the computer, unplug it, and install the adapter card in the appropriate slot on the computer. When you’re finished, plug the computer in and start it.
- Windows Server 2008 should detect the new adapter during startup. If you have a separate driver disc for the adapter, insert it now. Otherwise, you might be prompted to insert a driver disc.
- If Windows Server 2008 doesn’t detect the adapter automatically, follow the installation instructions in chapter 8, “Managing and Troubleshooting Hardware.”
- If networking services aren’t installed on the system, install them as described in the next section.